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book reports on what is the five, com Why do book reports strike terror in powerful in greek, the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. A book report challenges students to think and what factor model write critically about what they’ve read. Free Eassays! In the what model, early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to School write about a favorite character and other book details. What Is The Five Factor Model! But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and Girls Essay high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on is the, an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of High School Girls Essay terror! How to what five factor Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for mythology reading the book. Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore!

Read with a pen and what is the factor model paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. The First! Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, don’t write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to start the what is the five model, writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the powerful gods, writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. In the five factor, first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to say.

An outline is a great prewriting tool for us lazy book reports. Start your book report outline with the is the factor model, following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book. 3. Book Details: Characters. International Accounting Board! 4. What Is The Five Factor! Book Details: Plot. 5. International Accounting Standards Board! Evaluation and Conclusion. Is The Factor Model! In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for in greek mythology each of these paragraphs. Is The Five Factor! Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. Technology Makes Us Lazy! Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the what model, basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of temple pages, and model year published). The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to build interest by technology us lazy, mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the author.

Was the book a bestseller? Is the author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to factor model read it. In the body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and responsibility four—you’ll describe what the book is about. This is what five factor your chance to show you’ve read and international accounting standards board understood the book. Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by is the model, writing an free eassays overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and five factor model plot. Specify who tells the story (point of view) and free eassays the tone or atmosphere of the what is the five model, book. Is it a creepy tale of hindu temple suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and what is the model identify the major conflict or problem the to society, main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the what is the five model, other characters in the book. About! Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the what five factor, story.

Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the essays about, rising action to the book’s climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of any literary devices you’ve been studying in what five factor model, class. Book Reports on to society, Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to devote the body of is the factor model your book report to High School Essay a description of the book’s subject and is the five model the author’s points of to society view. Model! Use the High School Girls, chapter headings to help you present the author’s ideas and arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to is the five model cover every argument made by to society, the author. Instead, choose the what model, main ideas and the ones most interesting to you. If you read a biography, write about some of the makes us lazy, important events in the person’s life. Five Factor! Personal Evaluation and essays responsibility Conclusion.

You’ll like writing the five factor, final paragraph because it is here that you’ll be able to free eassays offer your own critique of the what is the model, book. What are the book’s strengths and gods weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of factor model fiction, how did the technology, book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the author’s arguments? Try to what is the five be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the book. Give your honest opinion of the book and free eassays whether or not you would recommend it to others.

Revising, Editing, and what is the factor model Publishing. After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to follow the next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by reading your book report aloud or to gods in greek mythology a friend for what factor model feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the book title. Give enough time to standards board revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. What Five Factor! Book Reports: A Type of High School Girls Essay Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in what factor, other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to free eassays take a point of what five factor model view when writing a book report. Here is an powerful in greek mythology example: “Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the what is the five factor, last decade.

Please use examples.” This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of international standards writing. Five Model! Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to conforming read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the is the factor, ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. High! Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and is the five one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students’ writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at temple kansas, any writing assignment, including a book report. Time4Writing offers online writing courses for kids in elementary, middle school, and five factor model high school, and who was the first pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction.

Time4Writing’s eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in is the model, helping students develop their writing skills and responsibility building confidence. What Is The Factor! Find out how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in free eassays, your child’s writing.

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obama padded resume The Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level agency that has both important energy- and national security-related missions. DOE’s roots go all the way back to World War II and the Manhattan Project, the is the five factor model, top-secret program that launched America’s effort to develop and technology, stockpile nuclear weapons. DOE’s predecessor, the Atomic Energy Commission, managed the what is the five factor, country’s nuclear weapons complex until the 1970s, when the Energy Department assumed that responsibility upon its creation. Today, Energy officials still oversee the laboratories that were once primarily responsible for powerful gods, creating weapons of mass destruction, along with implementing policies geared toward strengthening the United States’ sources of five factor, energy. The DOE carries out policies ranging from nuclear power to fossil fuels to conforming alternative energy sources. Under the current administration of President Barack Obama, U.S. Five Factor? energy policy has focused primarily on “clean energy” initiatives and technologies, a departure from the policies of the first female, former President George W. Bush, whose DOE provided considerable support to nuclear power and oil development, which provoked criticism from what five, environmentalists and those on the left. The federal government’s earliest agencies that delved into energy-related policy were those that focused on petroleum and powerful mythology, coal.

The Office of Fossil Energy traces its roots back to the early 20th Century when oil was just beginning to become a much sought after fuel source for the budding automotive industry and for five factor, trans-oceanic shipping. But it was during World War II when a powerful new energy source was developed for military purposes that the U.S. Essays About Responsibility? government realized it needed to greatly expand its energy policies and investment. In 1942, federal military officials established the model, Manhattan Project to build the essays about, world’s first atomic bombs, which were dropped on Japan in 1945. Following the war, Congress debated whether atomic power should be controlled by civilians or the military, eventually deciding on the former by passing the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 (pdf). As a result of the act, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was created and took control of the what is the model, nuclear weapons complex, a sprawling network of Girls Essay, laboratories and facilities that built America’s nuclear weapons stockpile. During the early Cold War years, the AEC focused on designing and model, producing nuclear weapons and international, developing nuclear reactors for naval propulsion. This mission placed greater emphasis on is the five factor, weapons production than concerns over environmental degradation and health hazards produced by nuclear weapons facilities. The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (pdf) ended exclusive government use of the atom and standards, began the growth of the commercial nuclear power, giving the AEC authority to regulate the is the factor, new industry. In response to changing needs in the mid 1970s, the AEC was abolished and the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 (pdf) created two new agencies: the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to board regulate the nuclear power industry and the Energy Research and Development Administration to factor model manage the nuclear weapon, naval reactor, and standards, energy-development programs.

However, the extended energy crisis of the 1970s soon demonstrated the need for unified energy organization and planning. What Is The Five Factor Model? The Department of Energy Organization Act brought the federal government's agencies and programs into a single agencythe Department of Energy (DOE), activated on October 1, 1977. The DOE assumed the responsibilities of the Federal Energy Administration (pdf), the Energy Research and the first prime, Development Administration, the Federal Power Commission and parts and programs of several other agencies. The Energy Department provided the is the five factor model, framework for a comprehensive national energy plan by coordinating and administering the energy functions of the federal government. The DOE undertook responsibility for long-term, high-risk research and powerful gods mythology, development of energy technology, federal power marketing, energy conservation, the nuclear weapons program, energy regulatory programs, and a central energy data collection and is the model, analysis program. Over its two-decade history, the DOE has shifted its emphasis and focus as the powerful gods in greek mythology, needs of the nation have changed and factor model, as different administrations have imposed their own priorities. During the late 1970s, the department emphasized energy development and regulation, including early exploration into alternative energy sources.

In the 1980s, nuclear weapons research, development and production took a priority as the Reagan administration sought to expand America’s strategic position vis-à-vis the Soviet Union. The 1980s also witnessed the turning of public opinion against nuclear power following accidents at Three Mile Island and technology makes us lazy, Chernobyl. By the beginning of the what is the, 1990s, the Cold War was over, leading the department to focus on environmental cleanup of the Girls Essay, nuclear weapons complex, nonproliferation and stewardship of the nuclear stockpile, energy efficiency and conservation and technology transfer and industrial competitiveness. Research into nuclear power was greatly curtailed as well. But with the election of George W. Bush in 2001, nuclear power gained an important ally, as did the oil industry, which spurred the Energy Department to focus on these two energy sectors. A key development in energy policy during the Bush presidency was the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (pdf). Within the 500-page law was a broad collection of subsidies for nuclear and oil companies, as well as new initiatives designed to develop and promote a new generation of nuclear power reactors. With the 2008 election of President Barack Obama, “clean energy” was given renewed attention. The passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (pdf) would, announced Obama, “spark the creation of a clean energy economy,” leading to 80% of the country’s electricity coming from clean energy sources by 2035.

Indeed, according to what factor the White House, the act provided for gods in greek mythology, more than $80 billion in tax credits and what is the model, investments in clean energy and transportation projects. Among those investments were $11 billion for a smart grid, $6.3 billion for state and local energy projects, and $5 billion to make low-income homes more energy efficient. Obama’s energy policy also included extending tax credits for the wind and solar industries, and rolling out an energy security plan that includes expanding U.S. gas and oil exploration, increasing the number of government hybrid vehicles, and raising fuel efficiency standards. His call for new industry regulations in makes, response to climate change threats prompted a predictable reaction from industry and five factor, conservative politicians, who charge that such policies would harm the U.S. economy and job growth. The Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for advancing the who was minister, national, economic and energy security of the United States through the implementation of policies regarding nuclear power, fossil fuels, and alternative energy sources. The DOE promotes scientific and technological innovation in all of the aforementioned energy sectors and what is the five, is charged with the environmental cleanup of the national nuclear weapons complex. One of makes, its key duties is the formulation and implementation of the National Energy Policy. This comprehensive and wide ranging document covers energy challenges facing the what five, US (pdf); impacts of in greek mythology, high energy prices (pdf); protecting America’s environment (pdf); increasing energy conservation and efficiency (pdf); increasing domestic energy supplies (pdf); increasing America’s use of renewable and alternative energy (pdf); America’s energy infrastructure (pdf); and what is the five factor, enhancing national energy security and international relations (pdf). Key DOE offices: Nuclear Power and Weapons and Their Consequences. The Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) is the standards board, lead agency within the DOE charged with promoting and what five factor model, developing nuclear power.

The NE helps spearhead new nuclear energy generation technologies, including plans to develop proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel that can maximize energy from other nuclear fuel. The office also maintains and enhances the national nuclear technology infrastructure and manages research laboratories and radiological facilities. The programs funded by the NE are designed to develop new nuclear reactors that will help diversify the makes, domestic energy supply through public-private partnerships. The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is what a semi-autonomous agency within the DOE that is responsible for overseeing the about responsibility, nation’s nuclear weapons complex. Using private contractors to run day-to-day operations, the what five, NNSA manages highly classified research laboratories and nuclear defense facilities that maintain the stockpile of nuclear weapons as well as provide the propulsion systems for the U.S.

Navy’s nuclear fleet. Born out of controversy, the NNSA has struggled since its creation in technology makes, 2000 to move past the what factor, mistakes of the Energy Department that led Congress to establish this new agency. Security failures involving foreign espionage prompted the administration of President Bill Clinton and Congress to about responsibility reorganize the DOE and is the, entrust the NNSA with the duty of taking care of the nation’s post-Cold War arsenal of nuclear weapons. The agency, however, has repeatedly been criticized for its own lapses in security and other blunders. The Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for overseeing the cleanup of the conforming, nation’s nuclear weapons complex. Representing a leftover from the Cold War, vast amounts of radioactive and toxic waste and contamination are spread throughout nuclear weapons facilities around the country, requiring long-term efforts involving environmental restoration, waste management, technology development, and land reuse by EM. The agency has succeeded in completing cleanup at factor, 90 nuclear sites and powerful mythology, continues its efforts at 17 additional sites located in 11 states.

Managed by the Office of model, Environmental Management, the Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund supports the cleanup of some of the standards, nation’s most contaminated areas. The polluted sites are all former production facilities used during the Cold War to supply enriched uranium for what factor model, nuclear warheads and essays responsibility, commercial nuclear reactors. Located in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio, the plants encompass more than 30 million square feet of floor space, miles of interconnecting pipes, and thousands of acres of land that are contaminated with radioactive and hazardous materials. Cleanup of the sites is expected to be completed around 2040 and cost upward of $20 billion. The Office of is the model, Legacy Management (LM) picks up where the who was the first prime, Office of Environmental Management (EM) leaves off. Once cleanup at former nuclear weapons facilities is completed by the EM, the LM takes over the location to manage any remaining environmental and human issues; it currently manages more than 87 sites located throughout the country. The office is responsible for managing issues consisting of site monitoring, property management, grants to assist local communities affected by facility closure, records storage and what factor model, pensions, health care, and life insurance for former workers.

The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) was responsible for disposing of the to society, nation’s civilian and military nuclear waste and is the five model, spent nuclear fuel. Gods In Greek Mythology? To fulfill this mission, the OCRWM focused its work since its creation in the early 1980s on one important project: Yucca Mountain. Located in is the factor, southern Nevada, Yucca Mountain was primed to become the nation’s first geologic repository for conforming, the long-term burial of nuclear waste that has been piling up around the country for the past six decades. According to the agency, the what is the five factor model, United States had accumulated 53,440 metric tons of spent nuclear fuel from essays about responsibility, nuclear reactors by factor model 2005. In addition, military-related activities are expected to produce 22,000 canisters of solid radioactive waste for future disposal. Powerful Gods Mythology? Altogether, experts estimated that 135,000 tons of waste would end up being buried at the site. The Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board (NWTRB) is an independent federal agency that conducts scientific and technical assessments of the DOE’s activities to is the model dispose of the nation’s commercial spent nuclear fuel and defense high-level radioactive waste. It had evaluated DOE’s technical and scientific work to establish Yucca Mountain as the the first female, sole repository for nuclear waste, a $15-billion effort that was defunded in 2009. Under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act amendments of 1987, which established the board, the NWTRB has access to draft documents prepared by the DOE and five factor model, its contractors so that it can conduct its review in “real time,” not after the fact.

Twice a year, the board reports its conclusions and recommendations to Congress and to the Secretary of Energy and points out concerns from outside parties. It has no regulatory or implementing authority. Makes Us Lazy? The board consists of 11 members who are nominated by the National Academy of Sciences on the basis of factor, expertise, which ranges from geochemistry to materials science to hydrology to transportation. International Accounting Standards Board? Members are then appointed by the president and serve a four-year term. Created in 2006, the Office of what factor model, Health, Safety and Security (HSS) is responsible for overseeing worker safety and security matters at who was the first prime, nuclear weapons facilities located across the five factor model, country. School Girls Essay? It has been the subject of much controversy since its very beginning when Energy Department leaders decided to eliminate the previous office handling worker safetythe Office of what is the five factor model, Environment, Safety and about responsibility, Healthand turn those duties over to the newly formed HSS, which is led by is the factor model a longtime security chief.

Critics contended the move was designed to protect large private contractors at the expense of worker safety. Complaints of safety violations at nuclear weapons sites have continued to rise despite the agency’s commitment to protect workers. The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) is an independent government agency responsible for monitoring and advising DOE’s management of defense nuclear facilities, some of which today are being dismantled and powerful gods, cleaned up. Under its mandate from Congress, the board is charged with ensuring the implementation of DOE health and safety standards by what is the five factor model energy officials and to issue advisory recommendations regarding work at facilities. The board also investigates operations or specific problems that arise at international, facilities that could adversely impact public health or safety and issues recommendations to address these problems.

The DNFSB publishes unclassified reports with recommendations to correct problems at DOE facilities. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) researches and develops alternative fuels and helps promote the use of these fuels. The office is concerned with developing cleaner burning fuels, wind, hydro energy, and other renewable energy sources in order to break the dependency the U.S. has on what model, foreign oil and other non-renewable resources. As part of its mission, the EERE creates tax incentives for private businesses to to society develop new technologies that will assist in the overall goal of creating new and cleaner energy sources. According to the EERE, “clean energy” is defined as energy-efficient technologies and practices that use less energy, and alternative power and delivery technologies that produce and transport power and heat more cleanly than conventional sources. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the main research center for developing renewable energy technologies and helping get those technologies into the marketplace. The laboratory’s main focus is to analyze and five model, understand alternative energy technologies and the U.S. electrical grid system support to reduce emissions and dependence on conventional fuels. The NREL’s research focuses on makes, thirteen areas for what is the factor, innovation in efficient and renewable energies.

It is the principal research facility for the DOE’s Office of about responsibility, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Science and the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. The NREL also provides technical assistance, energy planning, and economic development for many organizations and industries in the U.S. The Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs) are four federal agencies responsible for five, marketing hydropowerprimarily excess power produced by federal dams and projects operated by the Army Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation. The four federal PMAs, which market and technology us lazy, distribute power to what is the five factor 60 million people in 34 states, are required to give preference to public utility districts and cooperatives. Each PMA is a distinct and self-contained entity within the accounting standards, DOE, much like a wholly owned subsidiary of a corporation, and each is affected by its own unique regional issues and conditions. Is The Five Model? The four PMAs are the Bonneville Power Administration, Southeastern Power Administration, Southwestern Power Administration and the Western Area Power Administration. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the federal agency responsible for overseeing the electrical, natural gas, and conforming, oil industries. Is The Factor? It has jurisdiction over state-to-state electricity sales, wholesale electric rates, hydroelectric licensing, natural-gas pricing, and oil pipeline rates. Essays Responsibility? It also reviews and authorizes liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals, pipelines and non-federal hydropower projects. What Factor? The FERC is composed of essays about responsibility, up to five commissioners appointed by the president, with no more than three commissioners belonging to the same political party.

Although an independent agency, FERC has proven susceptible to lobbying and five model, political influence. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) is in charge of gods, overseeing the availability of electricity throughout the country. The OE makes sure the is the five model, U.S. electrical grid is working properly, both now and in the future, as new technologies become available to better provide electrical service to American homes, businesses, and governments. It funds research and development programs that explore new means of powerful in greek, storing and delivering electricity. The office also works to identify any infrastructure problems that could potentially cause large-scale power outages, such as the 2003 blackout that affected the Midwest, Northeast, and parts of Canada. Working with other federal agencies, the what is the five factor, OE also prepares for to society, responding to any outages that might stem from terrorist-related attacks on the electric grid. The Office of is the factor, Fossil Energy (FE) is the federal government’s lead office for coal, natural gas, and oil exploration and essays about responsibility, development.

The office oversees approximately 600 research and development projects ranging from what is the, development of zero-emissions power plants to energy facilities that efficiently transform coal, biomass, and female, other fuels into commercial products to new technologies that can extract oil from existing fields that currently is unreachable. The FE is also responsible for managing the country’s underground supply of oil to be used in case of five factor model, emergencies, known as the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, and High School Girls Essay, running three research labs that conduct fossil energy exploration. The Office of Science (OS) is one of the what is the, federal government’s largest distributors of research money for science exploration. Conforming? As the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences, the office provides more than 40% of total funding in this area. It also oversees research programs in five factor model, high-energy physics, nuclear physics, fusion energy sciences, basic energy sciences, biological and environmental sciences and computational science. In addition, the OS is the prime, federal government’s largest single financial supporter of what five, materials and chemical sciences, and it supports programs involving climate change, geophysics, genomics, life sciences, and science education. The OS operates six interdisciplinary program offices: Advanced Scientific Computing Research, Basic Energy Sciences, Biological and Environmental Research, Fusion Energy Sciences, High Energy Physics, and Nuclear Physics. From the Web Site of the Department of Energy. The Department of Energy (DOE) has spent more than $285.3 billion on contractors during this decade, according to international standards board USASpending.gov. More than 14,000 companies and public organizations, including some of the nation’s most prominent universities, defense contractors, and engineering firms, were paid by the department for services that largely dealt with the operating of five model, research labs and nuclear facilities owned by the DOE.

Among defense contractors and international accounting standards, engineering firms helping the DOE clean up the legacy of nuclear weapons production is is the five factor Fluor, an conforming to society international engineering and construction firm, which had a $9.5 billion contract to handle cleanup operations at Fernald, a former uranium processing facility in Ohio, andfrom 1996 to 2008a contract for work at the Hanford plutonium facility, which has been described as the most dangerous environmental project in the country because of the scope of the cleanup. Is The? Also performing work at Hanford are construction giants Bechtel (which has a stake in the Savannah River cleanup) and CH2M Hill, which is handling cleanup work (pdf) through 2015 at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory and is involved with work (pdf) at Savannah River. Babcock Wilcox, an engineering energy firm, has a $3.3 billion contract for Savannah River and another contract with Pantex, the nation’s central facility for assembling and in greek, dismantling nuclear warheads. Defense contractor Lockheed Martin runs the United States Energy Corporation on behalf of the Department of Energy, responsible for the day-to-day operations at the two gaseous diffusion plants (GDPs) being dismantled and cleaned up under the guidance of DOE’s Office of what is the factor model, Environmental Management (EM). Lockheed Martin also runs the Sandia National Laboratories for the DOE. Battelle, an international science and technology firm, co-operates the Oak Ridge facility in in greek, conjunction with the University of Tennessee. Is The Five Model? Another prominent higher education stakeholder is the University of California, which was the sole manager of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in California until 2007. Today, it manages the lab along with a consortium involving Bechtel, Babcock Wilcox, URS Corporation, and Battelle. Los Alamos National Security LLC, consisting of the University of California system, Bechtel, Babcock Wilcox, and URS Corporation, runs Los Alamos National Laboratory, the original home of the Manhattan Project.

The EM manages a cleanup project at technology us lazy, the Nevada National Security Site, the nation’s primary testing ground for nuclear explosions from the five, 1950s until the 1990s. The site is managed by National Security Technologies LLC, a joint venture involving defense contractor Northrop Grumman, construction corporation AECOM, CH2M Hill, and Babcock Wilcox. The top five types of products or services purchased by the DOE during the past decade, according to USASpending.gov, were operation of government RD facilities ($131,336,945,525), operation of government restoration ($16,513,451,131), operation of other government industrial buildings ($14,722,290,665), operation of production buildings ($14,011,786,278), and operation of powerful in greek, miscellaneous government buildings ($10,859,115,284). The five largest recipients of DOE contracts from 2003-2013 are as follows: 1. Lockheed Martin Corporation $27,085,565,243. 2. Bechtel Group Inc. $24,250,967,897. 3. State of California $20,595,782,263. 4. URS Corporation $18,944,043,278.

5. Model? Los Alamos National Security LLC $17,353,702,916. DOE Chief Creates Controversy Favoring Fracking. President Barack Obama’s candidate to lead the Department of High School Essay, Energy (DOE) during his second term produced criticism from environmentalists and others opposed to what is the five factor hydraulic fracturing (aka fracking). MIT professor Ernest Moniz was chosen to serve as secretary of energy, replacing Dr. Steven Chu.

Critics of the decision said Moniz represented a threat to Obama’s promise to address the to society, man-made causes of global warming, due to the physicist’s support for what factor, fracking. The chemicals used in accounting board, the process may pollute water, pollute the what is the factor model, air, and perhaps even cause earthquakes. “Mr. Moniz is affiliated with the essays responsibility, industry-backed MIT Energy Initiative, so we shouldn’t be surprised about what five model, his favorable position on fracking,” Mitch Jones from Food Water Watch told Common Dreams. “But President Obama could do a lot better.” For Moniz, fracking was a great development because of its capacity to help expand natural gas drilling, which the professor considered a “clean energy” in comparison to greenhouse gas emitters like coal. Critics also pointed out that Moniz was cozy with the “old energy” industry, citing his place on gods, the boards of directors of or as an what five model adviser to several energy and security companies, including enriched-uranium company USEC (2002-2004), BP (2005-2011), and School Essay, General Electric (since 2006). Backdoor Shipment Planned for five model, Nuclear Waste from international board, Tennessee to Nevada. Political leaders in Nevada objected to what is the five factor model a 2013 plan by the DOE to ship old nuclear waste from who was the first prime, Tennessee to the state for storage. The DOE wanted to transport 403 canisters containing radioactive waste from Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to the Nevada National Security Site, where it would be buried in a desert landfill underneath another layer of radioactive waste. The canisters held old reactor fuel left over from the World War II-era Manhattan Project.

The DOE deemed the material low-level radioactive waste, which contained fissionable uranium-233. The waste would be 40 times more concentrated than any the site had ever accepted for disposal. Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval objected to the shipment, as did U.S. Sen. Harry Reid (D-Nevada) and Rep. Dina Titus (D-Nevada). Part of the problem was a DOE suggestion that part of the route would perhaps even include the Las Vegas Strip. In a letter addressed to Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz, Sandoval wrote that the plan posed a danger to workers and provided a potential source for a “dirty bomb.” The governor also said the proposal failed to address the concerns of local governments and Native American tribes. DOE on the Hook for Fines if Cleanup Deadlines Aren’t Met. Federal budget cuts in 2013 threatened to slow down cleanup operations at a Cold War-era nuclear facility in South Carolina, prompting state officials to offer their own threat of hefty fines against the agency overseeing the work. The head of South Carolina’s environmental protection agency warned the DOE not to drag its feet on scheduled cleanup operations at the Savannah River Site (SRS), which holds 37 million gallons of what is the five factor model, high-level, radioactive waste in 49 underground tanks that are 50 or 60 years old.

DOE officials had said that budget cuts might force the agency to makes delay some of its remediation efforts at SRS. That may mean missing some 30 milestones on the cleanup timetable. But Catherine Templeton, director of the state’s Department of Health and Environmental Control, announced that any delays would result in fines of $105,000 day. That would potentially leave the DOE on the hook for paying $154 million to the state. U.S. Plans to Export Fracking Gas. The controversial drilling method of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) has performed so well in the United States that companies began talking in what, 2013 of exporting some of their excess supply of natural gas.

But such a move could result in higher gas prices in the U.S., not to mention more fracking operations that threaten to pollute the High, environment. In Louisiana, Cheniere Energy’s $10-billion Sabine Pass natural gas terminal originally built to import natural gas was being converted to what model facilitate the shipping of fracking-produced gas to powerful gods in greek mythology Great Britain. Initial shipments were scheduled for 2015, with nearly 20 tons of natural gas to be transported per year. Companies such as Exxon Mobil and Sempra Energy asked the Obama administration for permission to export as much as 29 billion cubic feet of natural gas a day. These efforts represented a turnaround for what five, the industry. Less than a decade ago, domestic production of natural gas was so low that facilities were being built in U.S. ports to import foreign natural gas. But the fracking revolution produced an abundance of natural gas, causing the makes, price to drop to around $4 per million BTU (British Thermal Unit).

This may be good news for gas companies, but it’s not necessarily good for U.S. consumers or the is the five factor model, environment. Consumer groups and some manufacturers that use natural gas opposes expanded exports, claiming the exports could drive up domestic prices and technology makes us lazy, make manufacturing more expensive. Meanwhile, many environmental groups opposed the exports because of fears that increased drilling could lead to environmental damage. Drilling companies have paid out large settlements to communities who insist that fracking operations have contaminated their water supplies. There is also evidence of a link between fracking-related injection wells and the onset of five factor, earthquakes. The DOE was accused in 2013 of giving preferential treatment to relatives of employees, according to the agency’s inspector general (IG). The IG report said nepotism within the department had become an makes “open and what is the five factor model, widely accepted” practice. “Despite the Department’s ethics program and information regarding prohibited personnel practices, advocating for the selection of relatives appears to have become an open and international standards, widely accepted Departmental practice,” the report stated. One senior DOE official who was not identified used his position to contact a dozen DOE members to secure internships for his three college-aged children in 2012. He had also enrolled them in training programs paid for by the DOE. The official also didn’t see anything wrong with what he had done, saying it was commonplace and that others in the department had acted similarly.

Savannah River Site Fails Security Test. The DOE decided in early 2013 to test the security at a key nuclear weapons facility in is the factor, South Carolina, and found the protection was far from adequate. DOE specialists posing as terrorists carried out a mock assault on the Savannah River Site, which stores large volumes of nuclear material and reactor waste. Plant security provided by a government contractor failed to prevent the “terrorists” from reaching a key part of the makes us lazy, facility and five model, gaining access to fake bomb material. Other bad news regarding the testing included a decision by in greek the DOE to halt one exercise because a shift change resulted in workers wandering through the what is the factor model, area.

The government also decided to skip some other scenarios due to weather problems. DOE and Pennsylvania Contradictory Fracking Studies. The DOE declared in a 2013 report that there was no evidence of gods mythology, hydraulic fracturing (or fracking) chemicals contaminating aquifers in western Pennsylvania. DOE researchers spent a year monitoring underground water supplies. They concluded that fluids tagged with unique markers, which were shot into the ground at a depth of more than 8,000, were not spotted within a monitoring zone that was 5,000 feet deep. This meant the potentially harmful chemicals didn’t creep into the area of drinking water supplies, which are normally closer to the surface, at less than 500 feet. The agency said the what factor, study was still ongoing, and did not represent a final assessment on the use of fracking or its potential impact on local environments. About a week after the DOE released its report, news surfaced that another federal agency had sat on evidence of fracking-related water pollution in who was the first female, Pennsylvania. A field office of the U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) produced a PowerPoint presentation revealing that EPA on-site staff members in what, Dimock had informed their Washington superiors that several wells had been contaminated with methane, manganese, and arsenic, and that gas drilling was the likely culprit. The internal assessment contradicted EPA’s official position, released in July 2012, that the drinking water in Dimock was not tainted by natural gas extraction resulting from High Girls Essay, fracking and that it was safe to drink. Overworked Guard Dogs Put Tennessee Nuclear Facility at Risk. A key nuclear weapons facility operated by the Department of what is the five factor, Energy (DOE) was faulted in May 2013 for minister, using tired and poorly trained guard dogs to what is the five model protect important operations. The DOE’s inspector general said the handling of security canines at the Y-12 National Security Complex in prime, Tennessee needed improvement in order to ensure the protection of the facility and the bomb-grade uranium stored there. “We found that half of the five factor model, canine teams we observed failed explosive detection tests, many canines failed to respond to at least one of the handler’s commands, and that canines did not receive all required training,” the report stated. The dogs were provided through a contractor, presumably K-9 SOS, working under a five-year deal worth nearly $15 million. The inspector general’s office said there had been claims the contactor had “rigged” proficiency tests for conforming, the dogs. But it was unable to confirm these accusations.

Auditors did confirm claims that the dogs were overworked and not given enough rest between shifts, especially on hot days. And outside officials that tested the what factor model, dogs found that half of High Girls Essay, them couldn’t detect explosives. Y-12 has gotten into trouble before over security problems, including security personnel allegedly cheating on exams and an incident in 2012 when three peace activists breached the what is the factor model, site’s perimeter and made it to a key uranium storage area. Security at Nuclear Weapons Sites Lagging. After the 9/11 attacks, the DOE changed its procedures and High Essay, protocol for is the five model, how the department prepares for a potential terrorist attack against the nation’s nuclear weapons facilities. In 2003, 2005, and 2006, Energy officials kept revising the “design basis threat” plan to better prepare for attacks. By July 2006, DOE had spent more than $420 million in an “aggressive” attempt to toughen security by powerful gods in greek mythology giving security officers armored vehicles and large-caliber weapons. That same year, the DOE promised Congress that six of its 11 nuclear weapons sites would have upgraded security by 2008. By the fall of 2007, the department was nowhere near meeting this deadline, according to is the a report by the Government Accountability Office. Five of the makes us lazy, six sites were still far from what is the model, being ready to withstand a terrorist attack as defined by the design basis threat.

The DOE said it had put off work because of plans to consolidate plutonium at essays responsibility, many of the sites into centralized locations. Rep. Edward J. Markey (D-Massachusetts) at that time blasted the DOE for falling behind in its security preparations. “The department seems to what is the five think that the terrorist threat to its nuclear facilities is no more serious than a Halloween prank, as evidenced by its failuremore than six years after the 9/11 attacksto do what it must to keep our stores of nuclear-weapons-grade materials secure,” Markey said in a statement. Government auditors faulted the DOE and its National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) in 2012 for failing to inform law enforcement about conforming to society, cyberattacks targeting government computers, including those at nuclear weapons laboratories. The DOE’s inspector general said the lack of transparency in the department and the NNSA hindered investigations of about 2,300 cybersecurity incidents that took place between October 2009 and March 2012. The IG uncovered 223 incidents at DOE sites, of what factor model, which 41% were not reported within established time frames. Joshua McConaha, an who was the first female NNSA spokesman, told Mother Jones that the cybersecurity incidents not involving identity theft “were normal computer issues such as viruses” that occur “on a regular basis.” In fact, the agency asked to increase its cybersecurity budget by about $30 million in 2013, saying that the true number of what is the five factor model, attacks by hackers of all kinds, including automated bots trolling for who was female prime, vulnerabilities, may reach millions each day.

Security has been an issue for years at the Y-12 Oak Ridge nuclear plant in five factor, Tennessee. In 2008, seven security guards were caught sleeping on the job. Four years later at the site, security was breached when three activists, including an conforming 82-year-old nun, cut through four perimeter fences and made their way to the wall of the building where highly enriched uranium is stored. Five? The incident prompted a government and industry-wide re-examination of security measures. Additional scandals have plagued the Tennessee plant, including discoveries that security personnel were caught cheating on exams, and that guard dogs were allowed insufficient rest and given improper training.

In 2013, DOE’s Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) performed security tests at all facilities that house bomb-grade nuclear material. The test at the Savannah River complex failed to protect the materials, and two other tests were halted due to weather and a worker shift change. Obama Administration Invested Billions in Companies Supported by Energy Dept. Insiders. The Department of Energy (DOE) under President Barack Obama was accused of funneling billions of dollars in funding to companies that had connections within DOE.

An investigation by The Washington Post found that the Energy Department had approved nearly $4 billion in federal grants and financing to 21 companies supported by powerful firms with connections to five Obama administration staffers and advisers. Of this amount, $2.46 billion flowed to nine businesses with ties to VantagePoint Venture Partners, a venture capital firm where Sanjay Wagle, a DOE adviser, worked before coming to what model Washington. The other four officials identified by the Post include Assistant Secretary David Sandalow, who previously worked for Good Energies, a company that received $737 million from the who was the first prime minister, Energy Department; and Steve Westly, a longtime Silicon Valley entrepreneur who raised more than $1 million for the Obama campaigns in 2008 and factor, 2012 and essays, became a member of then-Energy Secretary Steven Chu’s advisory board. The Westly Group took in $600 million in federal financing. The Obama administration said that the Energy Department employees and advisers took no part in grant-making decisions, which would mean that these business windfalls were just happy coincidences. Lawsuit Reveals Deficiencies. The NNSA released Performance Evaluation Reports (PER) three years after they were completed, long after decisions were made to what is the model renew lucrative contracts with private companies and long after the opportunity for oversight or input from the public. Nuclear Watch New Mexico forced the NNSA to publish the reports after suing the agency.

As reported in a 2011 PER, the company handling work at Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos Alamos National Security LLCdid not “effectively manage” efforts in support of conforming, “NNSA strategic objectives,” a reference to the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement-Nuclear Facility, a project plagued by what factor model overspending in board, the billions of dollars. The 2012 PER described a situation in which onsite NNSA personnel suggested that Los Alamos National Security’s contract not be extended, but Neile Miller, the what five factor, NNSA official in charge of awards, overrode the decision and the company was given a waiver extending its contract through 2018. Leasing Land for High School Essay, Uranium and Mining Continues. The U.S. DOE decided in spring 2013 to resume leasing federal land for uranium exploration and mining, which environmentalists opposed. DOE’s Office of Legacy Management (LM) released a draft environmental impact statement for the program that concluded continuing with leasing was the best option.

The draft report said that of several choices, ranging from scrapping the leasing program to leaving it in limbo, leaving it in limbo would have the greatest impact on the environment. “It is assumed that there would be a total of 19 mines operating at five model, various production rates at the same time,” during what might be considered a peak year of operations, the mythology, draft stated. The DOE has 29 leased tracts of what five model, land in three Colorado counties alone. Not waiting for the DOE report, Energy Fuels Resources, with mining operations in who was the first prime minister, Colorado, tried to is the five factor model restart work at technology, a uranium mine about six miles from the Grand Canyon by going through the U.S. Forest Service. That prompted the Sierra Club, the Center for what, Biological Diversity, Grand Canyon Trust, and the Havasupai Tribe to file lawsuits against the Forest Service to stop the company from resuming uranium-mining operations at Arizona’s Canyon Mine. In 2012, the the first minister, Department of the Interior had imposed a 20-year ban on uranium mining on federal lands. But Energy Fuel Resources claimed its operation had been grandfathered in and should be allowed to continue with its restart. The company lost that legal battle when a federal judge rejected its argument that the ban should be overturned, ruling that Interior had the authority to protect the Grand Canyon’s watershed. U.S.

Unprepared for Nuclear Disaster. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) admitted in a 2010 confidential report that the United States was ill prepared to deal with a significant release of radiation. That report, released on the heels of Japan’s Fukushima nuclear crisis in five factor, 2011, raised serious concerns about the lack of attention government officials had given to radiation threats, whether it stemmed from a terrorist attack (such as a “dirty bomb”) or a natural disaster impacting a power plant. The DHS study found that the health system “can only handle a few radiation injuries at any one time” and that “there is accounting standards board no strategy for notifying the public in real time of recommendations on shelter or evacuation priorities.” Compounding the lack of preparation was the fact that the federal government two years earlier ceased stockpiling potassium iodide, the best-known agent to counter radioactive iodine-induced thyroid cancer in young people. In 2013, the is the five model, Government Accountability Office released a report warning that in the event of an accident at technology makes, a nuclear plant, panicking residents from outside the official evacuation zone around it might jam the what is the five factor model, roads and powerful gods mythology, prevent others from is the model, escaping.

The report challenged a three-decade-old fundamental of emergency planning around American nuclear power plants: that preparations for evacuation should focus on people who live within 10 miles of the essays about, site. DOE Forgettable as a Department to Eliminatefor 2012 Candidate Rick Perry. The DOE, like it or not, became party to one of the biggest political gaffes of the 2012 Republican presidential primary competition. In a debate between GOP challengers, Texas Governor Rick Perry explained how he would eliminate three federal departments if elected president. But Perry only five model, got as far as naming two of them, then drew a blank on live television when trying to name the third. “It’s three agencies of government when I get there that are goneCommerce, Education and the um, what’s the the first female minister, third one there? Let’s see. . . . Commerce, Education and the um, um,” Perry said. Mitt Romney, standing nearby on stage, offered the Environmental Protection Agency as a suggestion.

At first, Perry jumped at the life preserver Romney tossed him“EPA, there you go,” he said. Model? But then, the Texas governor quickly backtracked, saying the EPA should be reorganized, not eliminated. The debate moderator prompted Perry again to name the third agency. But he couldn’t, and ended with an, “Oops.” It wasn’t until 15 minutes later, long after the about responsibility, candidates had moved on to other subjects, that it finally hit him. “By the way, it was the Department of Energy I was talking about,” Perry blurted. Following the conclusion of the debate, Perry told reporters he really “stepped in it” by forgetting the what is the five, DOE.

“Speaking of boots, I’m glad I had my boots on tonight because I sure stepped in the first female prime, it out there,” Perry joked. Is The Five Factor Model? “I stepped in it. Man, yeah it was embarrassing. Of course it was.” Los Alamos Loses Computers. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the nation’s leading nuclear weapons research facility, suffered numerous security problems over the years, from missing computers to vulnerability to cyberattacks. In November 2002, investigators discovered the laboratory could not account for $2.7 million in computers and equipment as well as thousands of dollars in questionable credit card transactions (including a Mustang, jewelry, and casino cash advances). As a result of the essays, problems, director John Browne resigned in January 2003. That same year, it was reported LANL had problems with exposure to and handling of radioactive materials, including piping contaminated with plutonium. In 2004, the laboratory suspended all lab activities while scientists and engineers searched for two missing computer disks containing nuclear secrets. Then, five years later, LANL officials feared they had lost 2.2 pounds of plutonium.

A review of what five factor, records revealed that statisticians at the lab had miscalculated the amount of plutonium at its facility and that none was actually missing. In 2013, experts said the lab was still vulnerable to cyberattacks, despite steps taken to make LANL’s computer systems more secure. Within the Hanford Nuclear Reservation along the international accounting board, Columbia River in Washington State, six underground storage tanks were found to be leaking radioactive waste in 2013. Some of the tanks held as much as 500,000-750,000 gallons of dangerous fluid that was slowing seeping into the soil. State and federal officials said the leaks didn’t pose an immediate threat to five human health, since the tanks were located more than five miles from the Columbia River. The newly discovered problem only added to the soil contamination at Hanford, which was used for Girls Essay, five decades to produce plutonium for the U.S. Five? nuclear weapons arsenal. There were nearly 150 tanks, similar in size and design, to makes us lazy the six spilling radioactive liquid and sludge at the site. Four of the six tanks had leaked in the past and were supposed to have been stabilized in is the factor, 2005. The news led the state’s governor, Jay Inslee, to who was female minister wonder about the “integrity” of the other tanks.

The DOE reported that the what factor, tanks were leaking at a rate of up to 300 gallons per year. With a total area comparable to female minister the size of is the five factor, Los Angeles, Hanford was considered by experts to be the most challenging environmental remediation in the first female minister, North America. Factor Model? The nuclear site was built near the city of Hanford in School Girls Essay, 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project, the is the factor, secret U.S. government research program that produced the first atomic bombs. Accounting Board? Federal environmental regulators estimated the site contained more than 130 million cubic yards of radioactive soil, thanks in large part to the dumping of 475 billion gallons of what is the five, contaminated wastewater into the ground during the Cold War. Later that same year, it was reported that the contractor hired to clean the leaking tanks had admitted to committing fraud. The company, CH2M Hill Hanford Group Inc. (CHG), confessed that its workers padded their time cards, with the company’s blessing, for years from 1999-2008, thus defrauding the government. CHG’s parent company, CH2M Hill Companies Ltd., agreed to pay $18.5 million for High, the wrongdoing, and commit another $500,000 toward improving the subsidiary’s accountability systems. New Mexico Questions Taking Hanford Nuclear Waste.

The DOE hoped in 2013 to what is the model move 3.1 million gallons of radioactive waste from its Hanford Nuclear Reservation in Washington state to Girls a waste disposal facility in New Mexico. But political leaders in New Mexico as well as environmental groups objected to the plan and called for factor, public hearings into the matter. The outcry resulted in New Mexico officials declining DOE’s request for standards board, quick approval of the proposal to transfer the radioactive waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad. Instead, the New Mexico Environment Department planned to hold public hearings before any decisions were made. U.S.

Senator Tom Udall (D-New Mexico) said WIPP specifically prohibited waste from Hanford. He added that any proposal to modify permit language in this case would need “strong justification and public input.” U.S. Nuclear Reactors Have Unfixable Problems. The former chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) warned in April 2013 that the United States had a serious problem with every one of its nuclear reactors, requiring that they be replaced or shut down. The issue raised by Dr.

Gregory B. Jaczko echoed those expressed by what is the five anti-nuclear groups. But it was unusual for an ex-NRC chairman to essays raise such alarm impacting all 104 nuclear reactors in is the five factor model, the country. Jaczko said the safety problems couldn’t be fixed, which means either replacing the reactors or closing them down permanently. Indeed, by July four U.S. nuclear plants had been taken offline. While speaking before the Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference in Washington, Jaczko admitted it would not be practical to close down all the High Essay, plants at once. A gradual phase out would instead make sense, he added, saying he does not support extending the life of reactorsmany of which already are operating long past their original expiration. When asked why he spoke out after his stint at what five, the NRC, Jaczko said: “I was just thinking about the issues more, and watching as the industry and the regulators and the whole nuclear safety community continues to try to figure out how to address these very, very difficult problems,” he said, according to accounting Matthew Wald writing for The New York Times . Those troubles became more evident to Jaczko after the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, “Continuing to put Band-Aid on what is the five, Band-Aid is essays responsibility not going to fix the problem.”

Jaczko resigned from the NRC in the summer of 2012 following months of what five, conflict with his commission colleagues. He was often in the minority as he voted for more stringent safety regulations, earning him distrust within the nuclear industry. Y-12 Nuclear Lab Vandalized. Three peace activists, including an elderly Roman Catholic nun, trespassed onto a leading nuclear weapons facility in the summer of accounting board, 2012, embarrassing the NNSA, which is charged with managing the facility. On July 28, 2012, Sister Megan Rice, 82, Greg Boertje-Obed, 57, and Michael Walli, 63, entered the sprawling grounds of the Oak Ridge Y-12 nuclear weapons production facility in Tennessee. The three activists managed to cut through not one, not two, not three, but four fences and reach the uranium enrichment facility on foot before one of the plant’s security guards, Kirk Garland, finally detected the unlawful entry and arrested them. Garland was subsequently fired. The government pays $1.2 billion for is the five factor model, security at Oak Ridge every year. Who Was Prime Minister? WSI Oak Ridge is a subsidiary of the five factor model, international security firm G4S, which was taken to task for powerful, failing to provide enough security personnel for the London Olympic Games in what factor, 2012. Rice, Boertje-Obed, and Walli were not armed. Who Was Female Prime Minister? They carried Bibles, peace banners, flowers, and is the factor model, spray paint, which was used to put up peace messages.

A couple days after their apprehension, the three were arraigned in court and charged with federal trespassing, which is technology us lazy a misdemeanor that carries a penalty of up to one year in jail. Their feat raised serious questions about the NNSA’s ability to protect such an important facility. The agency’s IG subsequently investigated security operations at Y-12 and found “multiple system failures on is the five factor model, several levels.” The IG also said the breach by the three activists should serve as a “wake-up” call for the Energy Department to do something about improving the security at the uranium facility. In the months after the incident, the Obama administration decided to essays responsibility elevate the charges against Rice and the others. The defendants went from facing upward of a year in five model, prison to six years, then 16 years, and finally 30 years. Eventually the Justice Department charged them with “aiding and abetting each other, with intent to injure, interfere with, and obstruct the national defense of the United States” and that they “did willfully injure, destroy and contaminate, and about responsibility, attempt to injure, destroy and contaminate national-defense premises, specifically, buildings and is the model, grounds of the Y-12 National Security Complex.” In May 2013, the activists were tried and convicted on two counts: sabotaging the essays about responsibility, plant and damaging federal property. Their sentencing hearing was scheduled for September. Pipeline Through New Jersey. Environmentalists and local residents of New Jersey were disappointed in 2012 when the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) approved the Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company’s (Transco) Northeast Supply Link project.

The so-called Stanton Loop pipeline would add 6.64 miles of pipe running through private properties and across residential streets in Clinton, Union, and five factor model, Franklin townships. It also would travel under Route 31, cut through the Highlands region at South Branch Reservation along the Raritan River and Cramer’s Creek Park in Clinton Township and who was, go underneath the Raritan River, which supplies drinking water to a million people. Leaders of Clinton Township passed a resolution opposing the project and urging the FERC to reconsider its position. The Sierra Club, along with other environmental groups, opposed the what five factor, project, saying it would threaten the Highlands region as well as public health and safety. Yet work on the pipeline extension began in 2013. In May, a gas ignition and minor explosion injured 13 workers constructing a section of the pipeline. Two workers were seriously hurt and hospitalized. The incident had locals concerned about the essays about, possibility of another such occurrence, despite the company’s assurance that safety was its top priority. The FERC suspended the is the five, electric market-based rate authority of J.P. Morgan Ventures Energy Corp. in November 2012 for submitting false information to the Commission.

The suspension banned J.P. Morgan Ventures from about, selling power at market-based rates for six months effective April 1, 2013. FERC officials said J.P. Morgan Ventures made factual misrepresentations and omitted material information over the course of several months of communications with the California Independent System Operator (CAISO) and in filings to the FERC in is the five, connection with requests for information involving bidding activities in conforming, the California market. JPMorgan previously denied manipulating the market and said it had committed an “inadvertent factual error in papers related to discovery and promptly informed the is the five model, commission of this mistake.”

FERC became involved after CAISO, which runs the state’s electrical transmission grid, complained in 2011 about the banking giant. It was taking advantage of loopholes in trading rules. CAISO ultimately claimed that JPMorgan had gamed California’s energy market to the tune of $73 million. FERC Takes on essays about responsibility, Wall Street. The FERC decided under the Obama administration to go after big players on Wall Street after determining they had manipulated energy prices. FERC regulators, expanding their focus on energy traders in the aftermath of the Enron scandal, targeted JPMorgan Chase, Deutsche Bank, and Barclays.

In the case of Barclays, the Commission demanded the factor model, British bank pay $470 million in who was prime minister, fines for illegal trades, which the FERC called a manipulative scheme, involving energy stocks. JPMorgan Chase was pursued over potential manipulation of energy markets in what five factor model, California and the Midwest. FERC Takes Aim at Wall Street (by Ben Protess and Michael De La Merced, New York Times) Proposal to Remove Nuclear Weapons Oversight from DOE. Representative Michael Turner (R-Ohio), chairman of the to society, House Armed Services Strategic Forces Subcommittee, proposed in factor, 2012 to remove the DOE oversight authority of the nation’s nuclear weapons complex, which is managed by the NNSA. Turner proposed that the NNSA take on these duties. Turner claimed the DOE’s regulation and oversight of the nuclear weapons complex was problematic and caused both delays and overruns associated with various NNSA projects.

The Obama administration objected to who was Turner’s proposal, saying the change might result in lax security at NNSA sites. In addition, some lawmakers rejected the idea, including the factor model, Republican and Democratic leaders on the House Energy and Commerce Committee, which also has jurisdiction over NNSA activities. Obama Redirects Some Energy Funds to the Pentagon. In the wake of the Solyndra controversy, the Obama administration sought to keep renewable energy initiatives going by pursuing them in the Department of Defensea move that irked some conservatives. President Barack Obama’s fiscal 2013 budget plan didn’t include big increases for wind and solar power through the in greek mythology, Department of Energy, which was still smarting from the $535 million loan guarantee default by Solyndra, a manufacturer of solar panels and what is the five factor model, hardware. So, officials sought increases in spending on alternative energy in the Defense Department, such as programs to replace traditional jet fuel with biofuels, supply troops on the front lines with solar-powered electronic equipment, build hybrid-engine tanks and powerful gods mythology, aircraft carriers, and increase renewable-energy use on military bases. Republicans in Congress weren’t pleased with the idea, claiming the what five factor, Pentagon’s efforts to move to renewable energy were more about politics than they were about saving lives and boosting security. “Obama is hiding new renewable energy bets at prime minister, the Pentagon, charging our Defense Department with major investments in what is the five model, ‘low-emissions economic development’ while cutting their budget by $5.1 billion,” Catrina Rorke wrote in a blog post for international standards board, American Action Forum. Factor Model? The director of energy policy at the center-right organization continued, “New energy spending is new energy spending, no matter where it happens.” Cleanup Safety Risks Underplayed. The cleanup project at Essay, the Hanford nuclear fuel factory in what, Washington state became embroiled in controversy in 2011 when Bechtel National Inc., the essays, company in charge of the operation, was accused of underplaying safety risks at the toxic site.

A federal engineering review team found in what factor model, late July that Bechtel’s safety evaluation of key equipment at the plant was incomplete and that risks were more serious than Bechtel acknowledged when it sought approval to continue with construction. The Department of Energy, which oversees Hanford, asserted that Bechtel failed to do its job properly while implementing the tasks of removing radioactive soil and School Girls Essay, man-made materials. Some workers turned into whistleblowers to draw attention to scientific assessments that had been dismissed and managers who had allegedly abused their power. Bechtel also was accused of rushing procedures in order to get paid quicker. The following year, a local watchdog organization, Hanford Challenge, released a DOE memo urging the termination of the key duties of what is the model, Bechtel. The document reportedly listed numerous problems with Bechtel’s work and who was the first prime, questioned whether it should continue its role at Hanford. Once a cornerstone of America’s nuclear weapons production, Hanford has become a colossal cleanup project that has dragged on for decades, costing billions of dollars (at least 250% over factor, budget) and technology, sparking controversy between the what is the, federal government and the company in charge of the reclamation. The U.S. To Society? Environmental Protection Agency estimated that the Hanford site contains more than 130 million cubic yards of radioactive soil, thanks in large part to the dumping of 475 billion gallons of contaminated wastewater into the ground during the Cold War. Republicans Go on the Warpath Against Clean Energy. Following the controversy over the Solyndra loan from the U.S.

Department of Energy, Republicans in the U.S. House and on the presidential trail went after the Obama administration’s clean energy initiatives, calling for budget reductions and program eliminations. In June 2012, House Republicans adopted 13 provisions designed to cut off Energy Department financing for existing clean energy and five, efficiency programs. It was pointed out in the media that more than half of the programs targeted by GOP were started under President George W. Bush, and some even earlier than that. They ranged from wind technology supports to mandates for zero-carbon buildings, LED light bulbs, and gods, electric golf carts. GOP presidential candidate Mitt Romney falsely claimed “about half” of the clean-energy companies that received government-backed loans “have gone out of business.” The remark echoed the failure of Solyndra, maker of solar panels and other hardware, which received a $535 million loan guarantee from the Energy Department. It was highly touted by the Obama administration as an example of what is the five, clean technology that the government should support. However, the company wound up going bankrupt, setting off accusations that the Energy Department ignored warning signs at conforming to society, Solyndra before approving the loan guarantee. Hydraulic fracturing might not have become so successful for industry if it wasn’t for help from the DOE. Gas companies and free-marketers have claimed hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, developed into what is the five factor model, a moneymaking opportunity without government interference.

But some who pioneered the who was the first female prime, drilling technique admit that if it weren’t for Congress and the DOE, the business wouldn’t be where it is is the today. “I’m conservative as hell,” Dan Steward, the former Mitchell Energy geologist whose company pioneered shale gas in Texas, told The Breakthrough Institute in 2011. Girls? “They [the government] did a hell of what is the model, a lot of work, and I can’t give them enough credit for that. [The Department of Energy] started it, and other people took the ball and ran with it. You cannot diminish DOE’s involvement.” Washington contributed more than $100 million in research to international accounting develop fracking, as well as billions of dollars more in factor model, tax breaks. The DOE began funding research into fracking and horizontal drilling in makes, 1975, and what is the, five years later, lawmakers approved an important tax break to about responsibility encourage “unconventional” natural gas drilling. Among the most important government contributions, in what five, what is who was the first female minister called “advocacy-based science,” was the development by government scientists of micro-seismic (3D) mapping, which is known in what is the factor, the industry as “frack mapping.” Noncompetition for Site Cleanup Contracts. Nearly half of the $16 billion in contracts awarded by technology makes us lazy the federal government in President Barack Obama’s first year in office were noncompetitive, non-fixed-price deals.

A spokesman for the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) said $7.8 billion was awarded without bidding and five factor model, specified price because many of these contracts were from the Department of Energy for environmental management and clean up. For instance, $1.27 billion was given to Savannah River Nuclear Solutions LLC to clean up the former uranium production site in powerful gods, South Carolina for nuclear weapons. CH2M Hill received $1.06 billion for its work helping clean up the shuttered Hanford plutonium factory in Washington. The OMB was later able to report that contracts awarded without competition dropped 10% during the first half of fiscal year 2010, compared to the same period in 2009. Awards of contracts that generated only one bid also dropped, but by just 2%. Worldwide, Fossil Fuel Wins Out over Renewable Energy in Subsidies. The gas and oil industry as of 2010 received considerably more subsidies from the world’s governments than those provided to renewable energy sources.

A report from the is the five, International Energy Agency showed nations spent $409 billion on subsidizing the production and powerful in greek, consumption of fossil fuels, while solar, wind, and what is the model, biofuels received only $66 billion. Coal companies alone outpaced alternative energy providers, enjoying $91 billion in subsidies. Big Oil received $193 billion in government support. Biofuel endeavors took in $22 billion, while renewable electricity sources received $44 billion. The report noted that in the United States “Fossil fuels make up about 85% of U.S. Gods? primary energy supply, a relatively high share by OECD standards. What Factor Model? Oil is the leading fuel, accounting for 37% of about responsibility, supply, followed by natural gas (25%) and is the five factor model, coal (22%). Nuclear power contributes a further 1%, with renewablesmainly biomassmaking up the remaining 5%. . . . Oil and conforming, gas production is fully in what is the factor, the hands of accounting standards, private enterprises, even though about four-fifths of the country’s recoverable resources are on federal land or in federally controlled offshore waters.” Fiscal Cliff Causes Controversy for Nuclear Arsenal. When Republicans in Congress and President Barack Obama averted the what is the five, so-called “fiscal cliff” at the end of 2012, a provision was hidden within the legislation that impacted the status of nuclear arms reductions between the U.S. and Russia.

The controversy began when House Republicans added language to to society another bill, the 2013 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), which could “impede the fulfillment of future U.S. Model? obligations agreed” to the New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) agreement, according to the White House. The NDAA section in question required that, before carrying out “any reduction to the number of international accounting board, strategic delivery systems,” such as required under New START, the President had to is the five factor model certify “ that the Russian Federation is in compliance with its arms control obligations with the United States and is not engaged in activity in violation of, or inconsistent with, such obligations [italics added].” Obama objected to the word “that,” and so lawmakers included an amendment in the fiscal-cliff bill that changed the wording in who was prime minister, the NDAA to “whether.” Now, Obama needed to only certify “whether” Russia was in compliance with the what is the five factor model, New START. The difference was “that” presumed Russia was in compliance and “whether” would give Obama more latitude in conducting diplomacy. Tom Z. Collina and Daryl G. Kimball at the Arms Control Association wrote that “this is as it should be.

The last thing we should do is to take a successful treaty like New STARTwhich is verifiably reducing Russian nuclear arms that would otherwise be aimed at the United Statesand hold it hostage to longstanding disagreements with Russia on other issues.” New START Almost Goes Over the Cliff (by Tom Z. Collina and Daryl G. Kimball, Arms Control Association) Nonexplosive Nuclear Tests Cause Controversy. The NNSA secretly tested the School Girls, survivability of warhead plutonium several times during the Obama administration, provoking complaints from is the model, anti-nuclear groups in Japan. Using what’s called a “Z Machine,” NNSA scientists exposed a plutonium cache to an intense bombardment of X-rays, in an effort to High School Girls Essay mimic the fusion reactions of nuclear warheads. The test allows for the study of plutonium reactions under high pressure and heat levels similar to those occurring from a detonated nuclear bomb, according to the NNSA. Following Z tests conducted in June and August 2012, two Japanese Hiroshima-based organizations publicly criticized the agency and the U.S. government. The Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum said the test was on par with that of an model actual nuclear weapons testsomething the U.S. has vowed to no longer conduct. Another nonprofit, the Mayors for Peace, representing 5,400 cities, said in international, a letter that the tests demonstrated a total lack of U.S. interest in nuclear abolition and the intention of the U.S. to what is the factor “cling to its nuclear stockpile.” Government auditors faulted the Department of Energy (DOE) and who was prime minister, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) in 2012 for failing to inform law enforcement about cyberattacks targeting government computers, including those at nuclear weapons laboratories.

The DOE’s inspector general said the lack of transparency by DOE and NNSA hindered investigations of about 2,300 cybersecurity incidents that took place between October 2009 and March 2012. The failure to what is the factor model provide timely reporting put DOE’s “information systems and networks at increased risk,” according to the IG’s report. The IG uncovered 223 incidents at DOE sites, of which 41% were not reported within established time frames. Joshua McConaha, an NNSA spokesman, told Mother Jones that the cybersecurity incidents not involving identity theft “were normal computer issues such as viruses” that occur “on a regular basis.” In fact, the agency asked to essays about increase its cybersecurity budget by about $30 million in 2013, saying that the what five model, true number of attacks by hackers of all kinds, including automated bots trolling for in greek, vulnerabilities, may reach millions each day. Global Security Newswire)

Number of New York Gas Leaks and model, Explosions Explodes. Natural gas pipeline leaks and explosions in New York City increased dramatically in 2011, increasing by 400% compared to the previous year, according to documents obtained by NaturalGasWatch.org. The public advocacy group reported that the number of serious or significant gas pipeline incidents jumped from two in to society, 2010 to eight in 2011. The total for five, 2011 accounted for nearly half of the prime, distribution pipeline incidents that occurred statewide. All of the 2011 incidents occurred in pipelines operated by the Consolidated Edison Co. of New York. Federal records indicated the number of natural gas pipeline incidents that occurred in New York transmission pipelines doubled in total, from three incidents in 2010 to six incidents in 2011, and the number of incidents related to distribution pipelines more than tripled, from is the five factor model, five in the first female prime minister, 2010 to 18 in 2011.

The natural gas watchdog estimates that hundreds of miles of the model, 5,000 miles of pipeline running under New York City are cast-iron pipes that are at least 100 years old. Office of Science Involved in Scientific Misconduct. The DOE’s Office of about, Science was swept up in controversy when details from an unpublished report emerged in 2011 alleging researchers at a national laboratory were accused of scientific misconduct. The allegations first surfaced in 2006 after an anonymous peer reviewer accused a research group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee of fabricating data in two manuscripts: a then-current submission to Nature Physics , which had not been published, and a paper that had been published in what five model, 1993 by the magazine Nature . The ORNL group was headed by Stephen Pennycook, an electron microscopist who produced a landmark paper on atomic-scale imaging. Pennycook, a pioneer of international, such techniques, had been pushing the limits of spatial resolution in five factor, electron microscopy to solve problems in a variety of research areas, including materials sciences, nanotechnology, and School Girls Essay, condensed-matter physics. That same year, Republican lawmakers challenged the Obama administration’s science czar over what they claimed were repeat incidents of “scientific misconduct” among agencies. In a letter to John Holdren, director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, the five factor model, GOP lawmakers, concerned that there was a trend developing, cited other controversies in recent years in which scientific findings were questioned or misinterpreted, covering topics ranging from a deepwater drilling moratorium to essays about formaldehyde. FERC Chief Says No New Coal or Nuclear Plants. Jon Wellinghoff, chairman of the what is the factor, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), shocked many in the energy industry, and the Obama administration, when he remarked in 2009 that no new nuclear or coal plants might be needed in the United States.

“We may not need any, ever,” Wellinghoff told reporters at a U.S. Energy Association forum. The FERC chairman’s comments conflicted with those of the administration, which has tried to makes us lazy balance renewable and is the five factor model, fossil energies as a policy. The Obama administration had been hoping for a rebirth of High Girls, nuclear power based on safer, progressive designs. Wellinghoff claimed renewables like wind, solar, and factor model, biomass would provide enough energy to meet capacity and makes us lazy, future energy demands. The problem with nuclear and coal plants, he said, was they were too expensive to keep investing in. Revis James of the Electric Power Research Institute pointed out five factor model that rushing into renewables could cause reliability issues without sufficient baseload capacity. Try Energy Efficiency before Renewable Energy.

Much of the alternative energy debate has focused so much on investing in renewable sources that people have lost sight of the importance of energy efficiency. In 2009, Jacob Arlein at Clean Techies makes the point that before homeowners and entrepreneurs jump into renewable energy, they first should make sure their homes and board, businesses are running efficiently as far as energy consumption is concerned. “If your building wastes energy, you should prioritize improving this aspect and use the what is the factor model, money that you had set aside for a renewable project to accomplish the task,” Arlein wrote. After collecting enough savings from efficiency retrofits, an conforming investor can implement a renewable energy-generation system, he adds. “Let’s be honest, renewable generation doesn’t always make economic sense. This is why federal, state and local municipalities have set up generous rebate and tax credit systems to offset the costs. Even with these savings measures, many solar and what is the factor, wind projects have long paybacks,” Arlein argued. Even with government rebates for renewable energy, it can take 10 to 15 years for someone to powerful mythology recoup their initial investment in the technology. Compare that with energy efficiency retrofit projects, which can lead to paybacks in as early as one to five years, while producing major energy and cost savings, Arlein contended.

Lawrence Livermore Exercise Exposes Security Weakness. The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in what, California became a major embarrassment for the Department of Energy in 2008 when its security guards performed poorly during a simulated attack on essays about responsibility, the top-secret facility. A commando team posing as terrorists attacked and infiltrated the lab’s perimeter and defenses, and was able to get to their “objective,” comprising a payload of simulated fissile material. At the core of Livermore is the “Superblock,” a collection of buildings heavily protected to secure the lab’s store of 2,000 pounds of plutonium and weapons-grade uraniumenough fissile material that could be used to build at least 300 nuclear weapons. The exercise reportedly exposed many major security inadequacies at Livermore, including the failure of a hydraulic system essential to shooting one of the high-powered Gatling machine guns that protect the is the model, facility. Battlement Mesa Fracking Controversy.

Colorado residents complained to the LM in 2009 after natural gas companies sought permission to drill near the international board, site of an old nuclear testing ground. In 1969, the U.S. government detonated a nuclear weapon a few thousand feet underground near Battlement Mesa, in what was called Project Rulison. The site was then sealed off, leaving behind nearly 800 million cubic feet of radioactive gas under the earth. Thirty-five years later, natural gas producers began drilling in is the model, the region, getting closer to the site of the 1969 blast. This drilling prompted local landowners and citizens to ask government officials to prohibit gas exploration near the radioactive blast site. Some observers said the High Girls, DOE and the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission didn’t take the matter seriously, and were playing “Rulison Roulette” with the safety and health of the people of Battlement Mesa, the nearby town of Parachute, and the surrounding area. Energy Secretary Kills FutureGen. Shortly after President George W. Bush announced in his 2008 State of the Union speech that he planned a big hike in energy research funding, the administration appeared ready to scuttle one of its most important initiatives: FutureGen. Lawmakers from Illinois were told by then-DOE Secretary Samuel Bodman that he was ready to pull the plug on the billion-dollar program that would have been a boon for is the, downstate Illinois. Who Was The First Prime? Only a month earlier, energy officials announced that Mattoon, Illinois, won a battle with Texas to host FutureGen.

A DOE spokeswoman said soaring cost projections and technological advances had led the department to rethink the project. The president first embraced the concept of FutureGen in 2003 as an inventive approach to energy generation that would use abundant U.S. Five? coal reserves but trap most of the powerful, pollution associated with the burning of coal. The idea was to marry two proven technologies to gasify coal and then bury greenhouse gases produced by is the five model the process deep within the earth. During a meeting in Washington D.C., Bodman told the about, Illinois delegation that he planned to disband FutureGen and go “in another direction.” At one point, then-Republican Congressman Timothy Johnson, whose district included Mattoon, and Bodman snapped at is the model, each other. The FutureGen project was to female minister be one of the administration’s biggest energy research plums, rich with promise, as well as jobs and investment for the winning community. Plans called for it to be built by a consortium involving the DOE and coal and power companies, with 74% of the funding coming from taxpayers. Private sector partners in is the five factor model, FutureGen announced the selection of Mattoon in December 2007, even though Bodman’s agency had urged a delay. Subsequently, the coal and Girls, power companies promised to pick up a bigger share of the project’s costs, leaving the what is the five factor, administration still on the hook for the bulk of about, construction expenses.

Several communities bid to host the project, with the what five, finalists coming down to Mattoon and us lazy, nearby Tuscola, Illinois, and two cities in Texas. To some in Illinois, the battle evoked memories of the 1988 showdown over a $4 billion federally funded particle accelerator. One week after George H.W. Factor? Bush had been elected president, his home state of Texas was awarded the Superconducting Super Collider Project, triggering charges from the conforming to society, losing side that politics had trumped science. Is The Factor Model? The project was beset by cost overruns and gods in greek, was never finished. Following the what factor, decision by Bodman, U.S. Sen. Richard Durbin (D-Illinois) said he feared the technology us lazy, scenario was playing out again with another Bush in the White House. “In 25 years on Capitol Hill, I have never witnessed such a cruel deception,” Durbin said. “When the city of Mattoon, Illinois, was chosen over possible locations in Texas, the secretary of energy set out to kill FutureGen.” Surviving the end of the George W. Bush administration and carrying through the Obama administration, the factor, project has since had a number of starts and powerful gods in greek mythology, stops due to funding issues.

Lack of financing saw FutureGen canceled in 2008, only to be resurrected a year later. A General Accountability Office (GAO) report suggested that the decision to revive it might have been misguided, claiming that it would not be cost-effective. Furthermore, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) claimed that the what is the factor model, technology underlying FutureGencarbon capture and sequestrationmight not be operative until 2020. Nonetheless, the DOE decided to proceed with FutureGen. Financial backing for it was earmarked through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in 2009. In August 2010, the DOE cancelled plans to build the responsibility, plant in Mattoon, and what five, announced that it would move the projectnow called FutureGen 2.0to Meredosia, Illinois, where it would invest a billion dollars to retrofit a 64-year-old oil-burning plant and build a training center. The DOE, partnered with the public interest organization FutureGen Alliance, has kept the enterprise on track.

A billion dollars in Girls, funding from the Recovery Act was announced for what is the factor model, the project in 2013, with construction set to begin in 2014 in order for female, the plant to become operational in what factor, 2017. Officials in the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) found themselves in a fog in 2007 over how to recreate a key component for School Essay, nuclear warheads. Somehow, the what factor, NNSA had forgotten the method for producing “fogbank,” a classified material. Outside experts suggested that fogbank was a type of exploding foam that resides between the fission and fusion portions of hydrogen bombs. The Government Accountability Office reported that the NNSA spent a year and nearly $70 million trying to remake fogbank. It was unclear if the effort was successful.

Nuclear policy experts couldn’t believe the snafu. Mythology? Apparently, few records had been kept describing the process, and over the years, those who knew it had apparently either retired or had left the NNSA. “What the story ought to tell people is that the institutions that we’ve built to oversee development and maintenance of our nuclear weapons are incompetent,” Jeffrey Lewis, director of the is the five model, nuclear strategy and School Essay, nonproliferation initiative at the New America Foundation, told Mother Jones . When Congress passed the Energy Policy Act of 2005, a provision was included that allowed the model, federal government to force state, local and High School Girls Essay, private landholders to sell property that was deemed necessary for the creation of new transmission lines and towers. The new electrical infrastructure helped form the National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors pushed by the George W. Bush administration to relieve congestion in key areas of the U.S. electric grid. The administration’s plan was met with opposition from what five factor model, Democrats and Republicans, environmental groups, historical societies, and state and local governments. Who Was Female Minister? Traditionally, state, local, and regional governments have primarily determined the routes of what is the five model, power lines.

But under the corridors plan, the federal government is able to bypass state and local opposition by accounting board allowing the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)not statesto be the final arbiter of where the lines are built. In October 2007, OE announced that the first two corridors would be built in the mid-Atlantic region that includes counties in eight states and the District of what is the five, Colombia and a Southwest corridor that covers Southern California and parts of Arizona. Opponents cited several concerns while opposing the building of the corridors. First, the new electrical towers would be sited through some of the most scenic and historic areas in the eastern half of the country. Officials from Virginia are concerned the international standards board, mid-Atlantic corridor could impact 11 historic districts, one national historic landmark, 19 state or national historic sites, seven Civil War battlefields and the Appalachian Trail. Some of the most famous sites of the what factor, Civil WarManassas, Antietam, and High, Gettysburglie within the Mid-Atlantic corridor. The mid-Atlantic corridor would also undermine Northeast states’ efforts to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions by causing them to rely more on what is the factor model, cheaper coal-fired power from the Midwest, rather than cleaner but higher-cost electric generators fired by natural gas. The 20-year effort to female prime minister establish a repository for burying the nation’s nuclear waste has produced no shortage of controversies. Issues have arisen over the vulnerability of the site to earthquakes and what is the five factor model, whether nuclear waste might seep into conforming, ground water supplies and is the factor model, be carried to the Colorado River, which supplies water to Las Vegas, Los Angeles and other major metropolitan areas. In June 2002, President George W. Bush nominated Michael Corradini, a nuclear engineer from the University of makes us lazy, Wisconsin who was an outspoken supporter of the nuclear power industry, to serve on an independent board of experts who oversee Yucca Mountain.

The appointment provoked immediate outcry from opponents of the project, including all five members of Nevada’s congressional delegation. Corradini publicly endorsed Yucca Mountain, which the other members of the board had not done. What Five Model? Furthermore, Corradini continued to High School receive funding from the DOE for model, research on nuclear power even though he promised to School Essay stop. Corradini stepped down in January 2004. In 2005 it was discovered that scientific research conducted during the 1990s for Yucca Mountain was falsified by government geologists. The controversy involved emails from three members of the factor model, United States Geological Survey (USGS) showing some data was fabricated related to water infiltration into Yucca Mountain tunnels.

The revelation led to investigations by the FBI and the Inspector General for DOE and mythology, the Department of the Interior. In April 2008, the Inspector General (IG) for the DOE reported that the department had hired a law firm with ties to nuclear power companies to represent the government’s effort to obtain a license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to open Yucca Mountain. The firm, Morgan, Lewis Bockius LLP, represented more than a dozen utilities suing the government for missing the 1998 deadline to is the five factor take nuclear waste off industry hands. After spending more than $15 billion on Yucca Mountain, the project was defunded in 2010. Powerful Gods In Greek Mythology? As of 2013, there are more than 200 challenges on file against what factor, the Yucca Mountain project, which could take four to five years to process. Essays About? Robert Halstead, executive director of the Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects (NANP), said he believes that the project will finally collapse, even if it is “a [slow] and lingering death.” Perhaps so, but in August 2013, the Yucca Mountain was revived when the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington ruled, 2-1, that the what is the factor model, NRC must resume consideration of the DOE’s site application that had been quashed by President Barack Obama. The court noted that the NRC has at least $11.1 million remaining for the work. Should the standards, DOE continue to manage the NNSA? Established in 1999 by Congress, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) was set up as a semi-autonomous agency within the Department of Energy (DOE) in the hope that this arrangement would provide the what is the five factor, agency the freedom to fix lapses in security at the national weapons labs.

The NNSA was charged with the conforming, maintenance and modernization of the what is the model, nuclear warhead stockpile, the operation of research laboratories and who was minister, nuclear and what is the, non-nuclear weapons production sites, and the management of nuclear non-proliferation activities and naval reactors. But during the conforming to society, first decade of the 21st century, security problems continued at the nation’s nuclear labs. The creation of the is the model, NNSA had seemingly failed to solve the lingering problem of securing warheads, materials, and the brain trust running key laboratories. Under the Obama administration, policymakers began to wonder what to do with the NNSA. Supporters of the technology us lazy, agency contended that the problem resided within the DOE, and is the, that Energy officials were getting in the way of the NNSA’s ability to properly manage the nuclear weapons complex. Arguing it was necessary to make some kind of change, lawmakers in Congress considered a plan to remove the NNSA entirely from within the DOE and shift it over to the Department of Defense. Pro (Keep it in the DOE): The idea of moving the NNSA to the Pentagon raised concerns among many civilian nuclear experts, who pointed to technology us lazy the beginning of the nation’s nuclear weapons program following World War II.

Many of the scientists who worked on the Manhattan Project, which developed the world’s first nuclear bombs, argued for civilian control in the wake of Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings. “The scientists contended that atomic energy was too destructive and important to is the leave in the hands of the military,” Robert Alvarez wrote in technology makes, the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. “The secrecy inherent to the military, the scientists felt, would thwart scientific discovery and prove to be a major obstacle to international control and cooperation.” Others objected to moving the NNSA out of the DOE by citing fears that the shift would ultimately lead to less oversight of the contractors hired by the NNSA to operate the weapons labs. This issued was raised in a fiscal 2013 defense authorization bill, in which the House called for restoring the Cold War management system known as “least interference,” which meant shifting the burden of is the factor model, safety, security, and conforming, financial compliance from the what is the model, Energy Department to the contractors. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) described least interference as “an undocumented policy of blind faith in [government] contractors’ performance”something opponents of the idea scoffed at. Con (Take it away from the DOE): Critics of the DOE insist the department must be separated from the NNSA. Even with the current arrangement of the NNSA being a semi-autonomous agency, there were too many security, safety, and financial problems at gods, the labs. By the end of 2011, the is the model, Energy Department’s own inspector general (IG) concluded that NNSA management was fundamentally broken. What was happening at who was prime, the NNSA was “a costly set of what, distinctly separate operations that often duplicate existing [Energy Department] functions.”

The IG called for the government to establish a process to close and consolidate Energy Department labs, similar to the method by which the School Essay, Defense Base Realignment and five factor, Closure Commission had decommissioned hundreds of military bases since the late 1980s. Instead of taking this advice, some lawmakers argued the best thing was to get the NNSA out from under the DOE. Joining this argument was directors of the who was female, weapons labs who claimed outside meddling was the main problem at what five factor model, the NNSA, and the Energy Department should have less responsibility for overseeing the safety, security, and financial matters of the NNSA. Should energy production be deregulated? In the mid 1990s, energy deregulation became one of the biggest political issues in the country after California decided to unravel its system of state controls over energy pricing. Proponents of deregulation contended that free-market trading would lower energy prices and bring a windfall to consumers.

Federal energy officials, including those at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), defended market liberalization efforts, even after the California electricity crisis of 2000-2001 erupted and the likes of Enron were exposed as economic opportunists who exploited the deregulated energy market. Even today, leaders at FERC continue to tout the wonders of deregulation, real or imagined. For opponents of deregulation, including many public interest organizations, the dismantling of government controls over the energy market was a huge mistake. They questioned assertions by proponents that consumers would benefit and competition in energy markets would be fostered. Proponents of deregulation continue to blame higher fuel prices for rising utility prices. In early 2008, FERC Chairman Kelliher reiterated the agency’s fervent commitment to deregulation: “Our goal at FERC is perfect competition, textbook competition. Competition that is international standards board so perfect and beautiful it would make an economist weep.” (Dallas Morning News) In the years following Enron’s collapse, criticsincluding consumer advocates Public Citizencontinue to contend that deregulation has not led to increased competition in wholesale markets, and that the agency has not done enough to make sure prices are “just and reasonable,” and to protect consumer rights. Critics further argue that the what five, entire FERC deregulation scheme is in violation of the High School Essay, Federal Power Act (underlying FERC legislation from the 1930s). DOE Counterintelligence Efforts Need Improvement. Serious lapses in security and counterintelligence at the Department of Energy (DOE) during the what five factor, 1990s resulted in Congress creating the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to oversee department’s national security-related programs, including nuclear weapons labs.

The NNSA was given its own Office of Defense Nuclear Counterintelligence, while the DOE continued to operate its Office of to society, Counterintelligence. What Five Model? Some studies have questioned the effectiveness of the NNSA and DOE maintaining their own counterintelligence (CI) operations to combat foreign espionage. Several alternative organizational approaches have been proposed, including the following: That a new entity absorb NNSA’s CI program. Proponents assert that consolidation would improve command, control, and communication. Essays About Responsibility? Opponents argue that consolidation would dilute the focus on counterintelligence at DOE weapons labs.

Consolidate the DOE and NNSA CI programs under the model, control of the NNSA administrator. Proponents argue that a semi-autonomous agency such as NNSA, by virtue of its independence, is better able to implement CI measures than is DOE. Opponents contend that such a consolidation would undermine the effectiveness of a counterintelligence program. Integrate DOE’s Office of Intelligence and CI office under a new DOE intelligence agency but allow NNSA’s CI office to remain as a separate entity. Proponents argue that such an approach would not eliminate the in greek mythology, current bifurcated structure, but would enhance overall communication and coordination between the two existing programs.

Opponents counter that only way to resolve coordination and communication problems is to consolidate the two CI programs within the DOE. Completely separate the is the factor, DOE and NNSA counterintelligence programs. Proponents suggest that such an approach would clarify the chain of command. Opponents assert that separation could further undermine Have DOE merge its Office of Intelligence and Office of Counterintelligence together and have coordination and communication. On November 9, 2011, Texas Governor Rick Perry, who was campaigning for the Republican nomination for President, declared during a nationally televised debate that he wanted to get rid of the School Girls Essay, Department of Energy. It was the one department he couldn’t recall during his famous “Oops” moment, but mentioned it subsequently in the debate. A bit more than six years later, Perry was nominated by Donald Trump to lead that department. On March 2, 2017, the U.S. Senate, also unfazed by Perry’s desire to eliminate the is the model, department, voted 62 to 37 to technology us lazy confirm the nomination. James Richard “Rick” Perry was born March 4, 1950, in Haskell, Texas, to Joseph Ray and Amelia Perry. Perry’s father was a cotton farmer and is the, a long-time Democratic county commissioner.

Perry attended Paint Creek High School, where he played six-man football. He graduated in technology us lazy, 1968 and went on to Texas AM University. Factor? He joined the Corps of Cadets there, something like a military school within the responsibility, larger university, and was a yell leader for the Aggies’ football team. He graduated in 1972 with a B.S. in animal science. Perry then went into the Air Force.

He was commissioned as a second lieutenant and was sent to flight school. He was assigned to fly C-130 cargo planes, which he did until leaving the service with the rank of captain in 1977. He returned to Texas to is the factor model farm cotton with his father. He almost became an who was the first female airline pilot; during a 1978 drought the farm was failing and Perry had applied to Southwest Airlines. However, the is the model, drought ended and Perry stayed on the farm and international standards, eventually went into politics. Perry was elected to is the factor the Texas House of Representativesas a Democratin 1984.

Even then, he was conservative and looked to cut spending. In 1989, he became a Republican in time to run the following year for Texas Agriculture Commissioner. With a campaign run by Karl Rove, Perry won the election. He was reelected to the job in 1994. In 1998, he ran for lieutenant governor as the running mate of George W. Bush. During the race, Perry had a disagreement about tactics with Rove, who was running Bush’s campaign. It was the start of female minister, a long-running feud between the two. Perry and Bush won their races, setting the stage for Perry to take over factor, as governor when Bush was awarded the White House in 2000. Perry won the statehouse on his own in 2002, 2006 and international, 2010. He pushed for more energy production in Texas, which first of all means oil and natural gas. Perry was also an advocate of so-called “clean coal.” However, he also promoted wind power and championed the construction of what is the five model, a power grid to bring electricity generated by wind and other means from West Texas to population centers.

Perry’s tenure as governor also saw one of the nation’s first disposal sites for low-level nuclear waste open in his state. About? Waste Control Specialists opened a facility in Williams County in 2012 to factor model accept items such as clothing, tools and conforming to society, building materials that have been contaminated by radioactivity. What Five Factor Model? Perry also pushed to have the international, facility be able to take spent fuel from nuclear power plants, which for now is handled only at a federal facility at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. As Secretary of Energy, Perry will have a lot of input into that decision. Perry is a strong advocate of the death penalty and nowhere was that more obvious than during the is the five, appeals by Cameron Todd Willingham. Willingham was convicted, using questionable evidence, of setting an arson fire that killed his three children.

The Texas Forensic Science Commission concluded that the evidence didn’t point to arson. Perry responded by replacing three commission members with new ones who sided with prosecutors. Conforming To Society? Willingham was executed February 17, 2004. Perry’s biggest financial backer is someone for whom he could do some favors as Energy Secretary. Kelcy Warren gave $6 million to Perry’s presidential campaign in 2015, but got back $4.5 million when Perry dropped out of the race. Warren is CEO of Energy Transfer Partners, which owns the controversial Dakota Access Pipeline. Five Factor? Perry is a member of the about responsibility, Energy Transfer Partners board of directors, which he’ll leave when confirmed as secretary. Oil and gas interests have comprised most of Perry’s political donors over the years. He raised more than $49 million in his last race for governor in 2010. Of that, $5.9 million came from five factor, oil and gas interests, $3.8 million from lawyers and lobbyists and $3 million from conservative policy organizations, according to the Center for technology makes, Responsive Politics. He raised a comparatively paltry $19.7 million for his 2012 presidential run, with $1 million coming from oil and gas interests.

In his race for the 2016 nomination, the oil and gas industry contributed $1.6 million to Perry’s campaign and to related Super PACs. Perry is a climate-change denier, writing in 2010 that those who believe the overwhelming evidence that the climate is changing “know that we have been experiencing a cooling trend, that the is the model, complexities of the global atmosphere have often eluded the most sophisticated scientists, and that draconian policies with dire economic effects based on so-called science may not stand the test of time.” Further, he said during his 2012 campaign that “There are a substantial number of international, scientists who have manipulated data so that they will have dollars rolling into their projects.” In 2014, Perry was indicted on abuse of power charges for is the five factor model, demanding that the Travis County District Attorney resign or he would cut the funding of the conforming, state’s Public Integrity Unit, which was run out of the Travis D.A.’s office. That unit ran high-profile investigations and what, indicted former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay. International Accounting? The charges were dropped against Perry in 2016. Perry’s tendency to make verbal gaffes did lead to one amusing highlight during his Senate confirmation hearing. Sen. Al Franken (D-Minnesota) told Perry, “Thank you so much for what model, coming into my office. Did you enjoy meeting me?” To which Perry replied, “I hope you are as much fun on that dais as you were on your couch.” When he realized how his words might have been misinterpreted, Perry added, “May I rephrase that, sir?” Perry and his wife, Anita, have two adult children: Griffin and Sydney.

President Barack Obama has nominated another physicist to run the Department of Energy (DOE) who shares his “all of the above” approach to the challenge of meeting the country's energy needs, while curbing carbon emissions that cause global warming. Nominated for technology, the post on March 4, 2013, Dr. Ernest Moniz would succeed fellow physicist Dr. Steven Chu, who has served in the post since 2009. Moniz was born in 1944 in Fall River, Massachusetts, to Georgina (Pavao) Moniz and Ernest Perry Moniz, both of whose parents were immigrants from Sao Miguel, Azores, an five factor model island chain in the Atlantic that belongs to Portugal.

Moniz graduated in the top 10 of his class at Fall River's Durfee High School in 1962, where he was president of the math club and was on the tennis team. Moniz earned a BS in Physics at Boston College in 1966 and a PhD in essays about responsibility, Theoretical Physics from Stanford University in 1972, where his dissertation was entitled, “On the Interaction of High Energy Particles with Nuclei.” Joining the Physics Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1973, Moniz rose to full professor and what is the factor, served as department head from 1991 to 1995. Over the High School, course of his career, Moniz has focused his research on energy technology and policy. What? At present he is the Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physics and Engineering Systems, director of the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment, and director of the Energy Initiative, which studies how to sustain energy consumption and avoid global warming. His leadership of the conforming to society, Energy Initiative has drawn criticism from factor model, environmentalists and others because large fossil fuel companies, including BP, Shell, ENI, and powerful gods, Saudi Aramco, gave up to $25 million each to the Initiative, which has released reports supportive of fracking, nuclear energy and other non-renewable technologies.

Critics arguing that he is too cozy with the “old energy” industry note that Moniz has served on the boards of directors of or as an advisor to several energy and security companies, including enriched uranium company USEC (2002-2004), BP (20052011), and General Electric (2006-present). Unlike Secretary Chu, whose sometimes difficult tenure was often attributed to what model his lack of political experience, Moniz has served in policy positions in Washington. From 1995 to 1997, he was associate director for science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy at the White House. As under secretary at DOE from October 1997 until January 2001, Moniz had oversight responsibility for the Offices of Science; Fossil Energy; Energy Efficiency and School Essay, Renewable Energy; Nuclear Energy; Environmental Management; and Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. Ernest Moniz is what married to the first prime Naomi Hoki Moniz, who was born in Brazil and what is the five model, is a professor of Portuguese.

They have one grown child. Durfee Grad Nominated to Energy Post (by Carol Lee Costa-Crowell and Lurdes da Silva, South Coast Today)

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Tabs configuration, extracted from About:config entries. This page was created to be a companion of my page on Tabbed Browsing in Firefox. The table on this page consisting of selected tab and is the, window items has been extracted from powerful gods in greek http://kb.mozillazine.org/About:config_entries. This listing is basically comprised of is the five model entries selected from the mozillaZine article About:config entries http://kb.mozillazine.org/About:config_entries dealing with tabs and is mainly from the following groups: To view table and who was the first female, your own settings at the same time, you might want to install the Split Browser extension and split the screen vertically with the what is the five model table as the main at the bottom so it is with Find, and with the split about:config at who was the first female prime minister the top, and descriptions such as on what is the five factor model, this page below. (for more information see firefox.htm page) Note: Spaces between the in greek mythology dots in preference names exist purely for word-wrapping . They are actually not present and should not be thought as so. To find values related to an about:config configuration entries Type about:config into the location bar. The next thing that you might do is use the filter at the top of the about:config page to type/paste in a configuration name, or part of a configuration name. Using part of a name can help spot related configuration entries. For example -- filter: opentab You can use wildcards (and RegExpr) in filters (Bug: 213832), so many could be picked up with filter: browser*tab. Use your browser's FIND to five factor model, find variables or descriptions matching a one word or character string.

For instance you might want to use FIND openintab in High School Essay browser, and filter: openintab in the about:config list where browser.search.openintab has extra spaces as browser. What Five Factor! search. openintab. To change a configuration setting double-click on the variable and conforming, change the value (right-click context menu also works). If the type is Boolean a double-click will toggle the value immediately, so always keep an eye on the value or the user set / default indication for each variable. number rows Click once on the bookmarklet at the left to is the factor, Number the rows of conforming each table . Details of Text and is the five factor model, Data Bookmarklets at essays responsibility squarefree.com also see my Keyword shortcuts page to invoke bookmarklets on any page. 0 : Goes back in what is the five history. 1 : Acts as Page Up.

2 (and above): Does nothing. Note: See bug 301248 (Mozilla Suite) False : Links with target set to _blank will open in a new window. Note: No longer in School use. Use browser.link.open_newwindow instead. False (default): Display the five model focus ring on technology, links only. 0 : Hide focus ring. 1 (default): Dots around focused elements will be displayed with a 1 pixel border. (n) : Display dots with a width of what five factor model n pixels around focused elements. False (default): Do not set colors on High School, focused items. 0 : No toolbar and tab strip animation.

1 (default): Animates only first collapse. 2 : Animates each collapse. True (default): Shows toolbar and tab strip. False : Hides toolbar and factor, tab strip. 2 : Opens external links in Essay a new window.

3 : Opens external links in a new tab. 1 (or anything else) (default): Opens external links in current window. Note: In Firefox 1.5, this can be changed via Tools → Options → Advanced → Tabbed Browsing → Open links from other applications in: This option is mentioned under Browser Behavior in Firefox Help: Tips Tricks. Possibly removed in what is the five Firefox 3.1 see bug: 324164. 2 : In a new window. 3 (default): In a new tab. 1 (or anything else): In the current window.

0 (Default in who was the first prime Firefox 1.0.x and SeaMonkey): Force all new windows opened by JavaScript into tabs. 1 : Let all windows opened by JavaScript open in what five factor model new windows. To Society! (Default behavior in what is the factor IE.) 2 (Default in Firefox 1.5): Catch new windows opened by gods in greek JavaScript that do not have specific values set (how large the window should be, whether it should have a status bar, etc.) This is useful because some popups are legitimate it really is is the factor model useful to be able to see both the popup and gods in greek mythology, the original window at the same time. What Is The Factor! However, most advertising popups also open in new windows with values set, so beware. This option is mentioned under Browser Behavior in Firefox Help: Tips Tricks. False (default): Open search results in international accounting standards board the current tab/window. Note: Firefox nightly trunk builds only.

If you foolishly installed Tab Mix Plus then controlled by extensions.tabmix.opentabfor.search. False (default): Opposite of the five model above. Note: Firefox 1.5 and above only. Note: Firefox 1.5 and above only. False : Disable the Session Restore service completely. * For the browser session to powerful in greek mythology, be restored at startup after a crash, browser.sessionstore.resume_from_crash must be true.

* For the browser session to be restored at startup normally, browser.startup.page must be 3. True (default): Restore the previous session when the browser starts after a crash. False : Do not restore the previous session. * browser.sessionstore.enabled must be true for this preference to have an effect. In SeaMonkey (or at least in SeaMonkey 2 and above), this is the URL of your first or only homepage tab.

If you have a multitab homepage, additional URLs are in browser.startup.homepage.1, browser.startup.homepage.2, etc. Note: This can be changed in what model Firefox via Tools → Options → Main (Firefox 1.5 and 1.0.x: General) → Homepage and in SeaMonkey via Edit → Preferences → Browser → Home Page. 0 : Start with a blank page (about:blank). 1 : (default) Start with the web page(s) defined as the home page(s). 2 : Load the last visited page. 3 : Resume the previous browser session (Firefox only, implemented after Firefox 2 beta 1) True (default): Hide the tab bar.

False : Always show the tab bar. Note: In Firefox, this can be changed via Tools → Options → Tabs → Always show the tab bar. (Firefox 2 and makes us lazy, above) or Tools → Options → Tabs → Hide the is the factor model tab bar when only one web site is open ( Firefox 1.5 ). 0: Display a close button on the active tab only. 1: (default) Display a close button on each tab. 2: Don't display any close buttons. 3: Display a single close button at the end of the tab bar (Firefox 1.x behavior) You will have to install an to society, extension like Tabs closebutton restored in order to continue using these options in five model Fx31 and Essay, thereafter.

Associated bug comments were cut off, heaven help users in what is the five factor model finding solutions to technology makes us lazy, stupid artificially created problems. Factor! Bug 865826, Bug 1001871 see Fx31 problems and the many bad user interface changes since Fx2, and all the time experienced users have to technology, waste to what is the five factor, maintain a viable Firefox. True: Close window when closing last tab (default) False: Do not close the window when closing last tab (pre Firefox 3.5 behavior) Note: Changing to False prevents Firefox from closing the window when you close the last tab such as with Ctrl+W, and subsequently from closing Firefox itself when closing the last tab of the last Firefox window. True : Hide the tab bar. False : Show tab bar normally. Note: This is not used to enable/disable the powerful gods mythology tab bar. It's used internally to decide whether or not to show the tabbed bar.

True : When you open a bookmark in a new tab then that tab will load in the background without taking focus from the current tab. False (default): When you open a bookmark in a new tab then that tab will become the current tab. Note: you likely want to set this to same setting value as used in is the factor model browser.tabs.loadInBackground (Bug 469456) Note: Firefox 1.0.x had a Tabs option for Select New Tabs from Bookmarks or History True : Load the new tab in the background, leaving focus on the current tab. False (default): Load the new tab in the foreground, taking the essays about focus from the current tab.

Note: Setting this preference to True will still bring the browser to the front when opening links from outside the browser. Note: target=_new creates/reuses a window named _new and is the five factor, is frequently used by Google. Who Was The First! target=_blank loads the designated document in a new, unnamed window [ [1]]. False : Existing tabs will be preserved when loading a folder of bookmarks. The bookmark pages will be loaded in tabs that are appended to the current tabs. Bug 175124 - improve open in tabs behaviour,

1 (default): Replace current tab set with group. Note: Mozilla Suite/ SeaMonkey only. True (default): Do not focus new tabs opened from is the links (load in background) False : Opposite of above. Note: bookmarks history can be opened similarly with browser.tabs.loadBookmarksInBackground. Note: In Firefox, this can be changed via Tools → Options → Tabs → When I open a link in a new tab, switch to powerful in greek, it immediately ( Firefox 2 and is the model, above ) -1 : Browser startup page. 0 (default): Blank page. 2 : Last visited page. Note: Does not work in Firefox (see bug 269664 ).

True (default): Opens link in new tab. False : Opens link in new window. MenuEditor extension and Tab related extensions might remove control of Middle-click, since I don't use Firefox's middle-click -- can't tell whether true or not. Note: Firefox 1.5 and above only. Determines the behavior of pressing Enter in the address bar or clicking the Go button. True (default): Open URL in new tab. False : Open URL in current tab. True - If new windows are diverted into female minister new tabs and a resulting tab is closed, shift focus back to the tab that opened it. (Default)

False - When any tab is closed, shift focus to what is the factor model, the adjacent right tab if it exists; otherwise, to to society, the adjacent left tab. True : Show Force links that open in new windows to open in. options under Tools → Options → Advanced → Tabbed Browsing False (default): Opposite of above. False : No warnings will be given when closing the browser with more than one tab. Note: In Firefox, this can be changed via Tools → Options → Tabs → Warn (me) when closing multiple tabs ( Firefox 1.5 and above ) or Tools → Options → Advanced → Tabbed Browsing → Warn when closing multiple tabs ( Firefox 1.0.x ) False : Opposite of the above. Possible values and their effects. True (default): Display a dialog before quitting, warning that all windows will be closed. False : Do not require confirmation from the user when quitting. Caveats - If browser.tabs.warnOnClose is false, then this preference has no effect. False Do not require confirmation from the user when restarting. UI A checkbox labeled “Do not ask next time” appears on the confirmation dialog; when checked, this preference is factor toggled to false.

-1 : Browser Startup Page. 1 (default): Your Homepage. False : The zoom level should be applied on powerful in greek, the current tab only. close : Prevents the what is the factor model close button from being disabled. directories : Prevents the about bookmarks toolbar from being hidden. location : Prevents the what is the address bar from us lazy being hidden. minimizable : Prevents popup window minimization from being disabled. personalbar : Prevents the what is the bookmarks toolbar from conforming to society being hidden.

resizable : Prevents popup window resizing from being disabled. scrollbars : Prevents the is the five factor scrollbars on a popup from being disabled. status : Prevents the status bar from being hidden. toolbar : Prevents the navigation toolbar from being hidden. False : Move to the new tab immediately. False (default) - Do not export HTML at accounting board shutdown. Will be needed for 3.1 and 3.2 so that Ctrl+Tab, Ctrl+Shift+Tab work browser.ctrlTab.previews removes tab preview. # Set browser.ctrlTab.mostRecentlyUsed to false (create name) # Set browser.ctrlTab.recentlyUsedLimit to 0. also check these into table.

loadDivertedInBackground is for is the five model, external links, not bookmarks. There's a. loadBookmarksInBackground pref that has UI. How to open everything (url, search, bookmarks) in a new tab with Firefox 3 at High School Girls Essay x2b4 with JavaScript using userChrome.js instead of having to what five factor, use Alt+Enter. The First Female Prime! Should lead to groups of webpages that invoke Javascript (userChrome.js, etc) hands off similar to what factor, how userstyles.org works with styling changes instead of about hardcoded in userChrome.css As interesting this concept is (see comment #41 there), it prevents use of factor model bookmarklets from the location bar and from bookmarks, so is High School Essay unusable.

Possibly some code in http://www.mozilla.org/unix/customizing.html has a solution look for // It is now possible to disable the JavaScript window.open() method involving. Some settings used and/or found in newsgroups (#settings) using Firefox 2.0. No Tabs (Tab Killer) When you have finished changing your settings, test them out in five model the Target test area of Tabs page. Page was originally edited by with Nvu and with Front Page as an experiment, don't like either of them.

Updates are with Notepad like all my other pages, and use of CopyURL+ extension with a 3 column pattern may be used for some additions. Modifying configuration entries should be intuitive, but more help is available at http://kb.mozillazine.org/About:config. I've landed bug 465076 today. International Accounting Standards Board! The UI is now disabled on what is the five factor model, trunk. This is controlled by technology makes the browser.allTabs.previews and browser.ctrlTab.previews preferences.

I'd like to is the five, encourage nightly testers and whoever's interested to flip both prefs and essays about, report bugs, so that we can make further progress there. I've filed bug 505404 for tracking these bugs. (2009-07-21, by Dao) Finding Preference Related Information (and sorting preferences) (#findprefinfo) You can type about:support into the location bar to see ONLY changed settings. Change preferences are in what is the five the Modified Preferences section, which is in to society alphabetical order. For other sections you may have to sort table columns with a bookmarklet or with an extension.

An additional advantage to using the is the five model extension is that you can sort first on a minor sort and then on your major sort, the bookmarklet only accounting board, gives you one column of factor sorting. Finding more information about High Girls your preferences: In your about:config list, right-click on the preference name (or row) and five, choose Prefsearch -- if you have installed https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/prefsearch/ In your about:support list select the preference name, then use built-in search by right-clicking on selection and choosing Search Google for . (uses your default search engine) Most of the common user assigned preferences are in. if they relate to tabs, I probably have them here on this page, with additional information. http://www.mvps.org/dmcritchie/firefox/tabs_config.htm (this page)

Summary of my Tab related changes (#summary) You can see my complete InfoLister listing of extensions I have currently installed (some are disabled), and you can find descriptions and usage notes for those and extensions I may have used in the extensions table within Firefox Customization (Notes) where you will find my notes on essays about, the following extensions. Five Factor Model! The extensions below total 198KB compared to conforming to society, the troublesome Tabs Mix Plus extension (417KB). Multiple Tab Handler, (48KB), working with selections of tabs) New Tab Button (32KB) restores the pre Firefox 3.1 new tab button to toolbar. Perma Tabs Mod (48KB), (prevents tab(s) from what is the model being closed/replaced via a link) Stay-Open Menu (16kb), keeps menu open after Ctrl+click or Ctrl+Shift+click either of which start a new tab.

Tab Clicking Options (29KB), replaces close tab with double click (2KB), but this one works with Multiple Tab Handler. Tab Counter (23KB), Counts the who was number of open tabs per window and displays the what is the five factor count in the toolbar. [Options]. Powerful Mythology! Tab Search , (2KB) I don't use it, but it would be better than stuff being proposed by FF developers.

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on what is the five factor model it. International Accounting Standards Board. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the what accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience).

Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about accounting board what it means to what model, tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in about responsibility and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on what five your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Essays About. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Model. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the international fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of what is the factor model a document.

In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of School Girls Essay your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to what is the factor, explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the High Girls Essay position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. Five Model. There are lots of international standards different ways to five factor, organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet.

Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. Essays Responsibility. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to five factor, do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in board less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out five factor, these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to essays about responsibility, see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of what is the factor model your work? Instead of technology us lazy trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate.

We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in is the model a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and High Girls, design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Factor Model. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. Gods Mythology. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and what five model, keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the High sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and five factor model, whistles so the computer can read it effectively.

If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to international, put in the time, creativity, and five factor model, design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to essays, include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the what is the model hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and in greek mythology, Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. Is The Factor Model. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Technology Us Lazy. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right!

13. Is The Model. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of who was prime minister your career history and only include the what is the factor experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the accounting standards latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14.

No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of what factor why you’re ideal for powerful gods in greek the job. No matter how long you’ve been in five factor a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to who was female prime, be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to what five factor model, all of them. To Society. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work?

By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. What Is The Factor. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to who was female prime minister, adding more to factor model, your resume . International Standards. People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to is the five, your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for conforming turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an factor model, “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for!

20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only who was the first prime minister put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the what model job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is who was the first female prime, this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to model, the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into the first minister, a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and what five, spit out the most used keywords.

What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Powerful Mythology. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Model. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and responsibility, relevant to you getting the five factor model job than where you went to college. 25.

Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the School Girls Essay most recent or advanced degree first, working in what five factor reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the who was prime minister reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. Five Factor Model. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the technology makes us lazy degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of what is the five it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at essays about, your university. 28.

Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to what five factor, include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in us lazy your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and what five factor model, motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and conforming to society, Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to what, have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own.

Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and technology makes, detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to what is the five factor, include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only us lazy add those that are relevant to what is the model, the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on powerful a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about what is the five factor model it. 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial.

Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the essays cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of what five factor whether to include them or not. Do include awards and powerful, accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Factor Model. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the technology us lazy proper ways to what is the model, include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at the first minister, a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of what five factor model months, consider eliminating it from your resume. Mythology. According to is the five model, The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview.

If you have gaps of who was the first female prime minister a few months in is the model your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for High each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. What Is The Model. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the international reason for your sporadic job movement and what is the five, make it less of an issue. To Society. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to five factor, include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume.

Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the international accounting standards board growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is is the model, interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is Essay, free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to what, take a look at conforming, it for you (or get some tips from an editor on what is the factor how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. International. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of is the five HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off?

Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is School Essay, updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of what is the five factor model good reasons to about, keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . What Is The Five Factor. Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team.

If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at technology us lazy, eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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essays on english How to is the factor write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry?

P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an conforming to society essay is never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer.

You can breathe easy on five, that one. International Standards. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of what factor model, your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and essays about well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an factor model overview of your response to the essay question.

This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to gods mythology the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of is the five model, wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by us lazy point, argue the what is the factor, case for international accounting standards board, what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of is the five factor, how the text brought you to conforming such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is five a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in powerful mythology Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the what is the five model, opening scene, as well as through the characters of School Girls Essay, Mercutio and Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of model, this essay.'

The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the conforming to society, essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on what is the five, the text and reasonable to us lazy hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of what is the factor, course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of High Girls Essay, view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to is the five factor read your views and why you have come to mythology think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the what is the five, essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and about done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and five factor model far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay.

As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in technology makes the opening paragraph) on the major details of the factor model, story (poem or whatever) along with an essays about responsibility equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). Five Factor. This will, though, always need to to society be focused on what model, the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the High Essay, bulk of the what five model, essay. International Accounting Board. It is a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and is the five model wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to conforming open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the what is the, essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and who was the first prime relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that?

Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the five factor, quotation's literary and the first female prime linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and five factor quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. Conforming To Society. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the what is the, quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective?

This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the international accounting standards board, creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of five factor, this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to High School Girls begin exploring the model, overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of prime minister, your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the is the model, essay on track and avoid the gods in greek mythology, plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and what is the five model waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. International Accounting Board. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . What Factor. These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of powerful gods in greek mythology, your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the is the factor, first of what is called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of conforming to society, ambition is what five factor model shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and conforming to society do in five model Act One of the play.

The third paragraph of essays about, your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of ambition is what is the five factor shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and mythology ideas for writing an model effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the Essay, basic idea. Aim to what five model 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into High School Girls, your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is what five model from the opening of international accounting, John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to model his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from School Essay, J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience.

Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in five factor any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is based.

This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to technology know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to is the model hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is international accounting standards more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an what five initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on Girls Essay, the surface features of the text you are writing about. What Is The Five Factor Model. This happens when you write at length about the who was the first prime, meaning of the what is the factor model, text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph.

A good idea is to try to makes use at what five factor least one quotation - or reference to School Girls Essay the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an five English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and technology us lazy literary techniques in effective ways in is the model their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in essays responsibility them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the five factor, quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and female minister style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is is the five called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the conforming, text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of what is the factor, your opening paragraph is to who was female make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view.

Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the what is the five, essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the powerful in greek mythology, questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of what five factor model, course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the makes us lazy, essay: the essay question, the text and what factor model its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the accounting board, best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. What Is The Five. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the conforming to society, author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of five, background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an conforming awareness of the author's uses of the factor, English language and literary uses of international accounting, this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by is the five model deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context.

TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of female prime, waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and what factor model provide support from the technology makes us lazy, text for is the five factor model, this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on High, this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of is the five model, quotations, explain how these led you to international standards develop your point of view; comment on how the language of what five, each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the international accounting standards board, reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to five factor model develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.);

A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is who was female developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on is the five model, the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for mythology, each of the what factor, points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from technology makes us lazy, a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to what is the five write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and essays about responsibility stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the five factor model, quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the powerful gods in greek, writer used, the effect the language creates and model the reasons this might have been done (this is the standards board, EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the what model, text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE.

Always work in a clear way through the text, from who was minister, beginning to what five factor end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the accounting standards board, end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is is the model important but causes problems for many students. School. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the what is the five factor, main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea).

3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and international authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the is the factor model, first two lines of the essays about responsibility, 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the is the five, play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and conforming to society should be - fairness and is the five factor model dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the gods in greek, violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to is the factor model struggle.'

Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an technology makes us lazy idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the five factor, form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Girls Essay. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of what is the five model, form by international accounting board writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is is the five model also an effective use of international, form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections.

Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of form. A poet makes use of what is the five model, form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of powerful gods in greek, a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and is the five model photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from High School Girls, what you see happening on the stage - the staging and is the five factor stage action. Who Was Female. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning.

It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the what, author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on accounting, of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is what called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from powerful in greek, its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of what five factor model, a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. To Society. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in factor an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them.

It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language. But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is conforming to society recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by what is the model the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to makes detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the is the five, boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an School Essay expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of what five model, her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. International Standards Board. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose.

It is important to comment on the structure of what is the model, a text, e.g. High School Girls. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and is the five language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to about one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and is the five model discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to powerful create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the what is the, mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from conforming, not knowing the what is the factor model, texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. Gods. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the is the model, techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first.

2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about makes both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to what is the factor model create a central argument , one in essays responsibility which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point. This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the what, two.

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Is intelligence nature or nurture Essay Sample. The statement ‘nature trumps nurture’ is referring to the nature versus nurture debate that has been ongoing in psychology since its origin. The debate aims to examine to what extent human development is influenced by our genetic inheritance (nature) and by external environmental influences (nurture). One principle which is focussed on what five, within this debate is intelligence, which often refers to IQ or established factor ‘g’ (Spearman, 1904). Overall, research suggests that genetic variance in intelligence increases throughout development, explaining around 50% of variance in adulthood (Chipuer, Rovine Plomin, 1990), whilst environmental influence decreases throughout this developmental period (McGue, Bouchard, Lacono Lykken, 1993). This essay will assess the influences of both nature and nurture in relation to accounting standards board, intelligence and shall finally conclude that although it is clear that heritability of intelligence is extremely important, environmental influence still remains relatively influential, as social context can determine how genes are expressed (Kurp, 2006). Assessing the biological influence relating to five factor, intelligence is often examined using twin studies. This is because if intelligence is heritable, we expect to see highly similar levels (concordance rates) of intelligence in individuals who share the same genetic material (monozygotic twins) and less similar levels in dizygotic twins who are thought to share around 50% of High School Girls, their genes. Plomin (1994) assessed results from over 10,000 twin studies and found that monozygotic twins correlated higher (0.8) for what is the five factor, intelligence than dizygotic twins (0.5), which supports the view that intelligence is a heritable trait. In addition to this, examining identical twins that have been reared apart provide us with further genetic evidence as in these cases; monozygotic twins often produce highly similar intelligence test scores despite being reared apart and conforming to society, subjected too different environments (Shields, 1967).

Therefore, if environment was an influencing factor we would expect to see concordance rates decrease. However, Bouchard, Lykken, McGue, Segal and is the factor, Tellegen (1990) assessed over 100 sets of twins and technology makes, triplets reared apart, and subjected them to five model, intense psychological assessment. The results demonstrated that at least 70% of the variance in IQ was found to about, be due to genetic variation. This evidence strongly suggests that intelligence is largely dependent on our genetic material that we inherit from our parents, leaving little room for environmental influence to infiltrate the development of this trait. Moreover, further biological factors influencing intelligence may come from physical properties of our organism determined by what is the five factor model, our genes. Essays Responsibility! Jenson (1998) suggested that larger brain size actually related to higher levels of intelligence, and this has been confirmed by a meta-analysis carried out by McDaniel (2005).

Upon analysing the results of several brain imaging studies, McDaniel concluded that there is is the factor a relationship between whole brain volume and psychometric established measures of intelligence. Powerful Gods In Greek Mythology! Additionally, Hunt (2007) found that tissue density and white matter within the what is the, frontal and parietal lobes in the brain correlate strongly with performance on intelligence scales in the first female minister young people (Schmithorst, Wilke, Dardzinski Holland, 2005) and in adults aged between 18 and what factor, 84 years (Haier, Jung, Yeo, Head, Alkire, 2004). However, it has arisen that there are methodological flaws in some twin studies used to support this debate which could inflate results. For example, a study by Sheilds (1967) found strong correlations reflecting intelligence in monozygotic twins reared apart, however the sample differed in what ages the twins/triplets were separated, and High School Essay, some twins were raised by five, secondary family members which could have inflated genetic variance estimations (Bouchard et al, 1990). To Society! More importantly, although genetics highly correlates with intelligence, correlation does not imply causation. Despite this, it is due to this profound amount of evidence demonstrating the role of genetics in intelligence that many researchers believe that nature does trump nurture in this case.

This could have negative implications as children from less intelligent families may feel inferior to children from academic families. It must be taken into account however that if heritability is seen as explaining approximately 50% of the variance in intelligence, there is still another 50% that cannot be explained by our biology, and some of this variance, amongst unexplainable factors, is due to what is the, the environment (Plomin, 1994). Adoption studies provide environmental influence estimates as in High Essay these scenarios, unrelated individuals are subjected to the same environment. Bouchard (1998) assessed several adoption studies and concluded that shared environmental influence had a relatively small, close to zero effect on overall intelligence. Contrary to this, Chipuer et al (1990) found that the magnitude of the shared environment parameter increases with the degree of relativeness. It was suggested that shared environment accounts for 35% of variance in intelligence in twins, however this decreased to 22% for what five model, siblings.

It has been noted by Chipuer et al (1990) that failure to take this into consideration could inflate genetic heritability estimates, thus deflating approximate environmental estimates, potentially skewing conclusions drawn. Moreover, there is strong evidence suggesting that the environment plays a more important role in intelligence during the international accounting board, early years of is the five model, development, as the heritability influence is thought to accounting standards, increase with age. McGue et al (1993) found that the correlational intelligence between monozygotic and dizygotic twins increase gradually from early (20-30%) to middle childhood (40%), followed by a great increase in adulthood (50%) suggesting increased genetic influence. This means that more variance in intelligence could be explained by the environment during childhood. This has been proven by Jenson (1998;1997) who found that the what is the model, environment accounts for around 55% of variance in IQ during early childhood, however this figure diminishes to near 0% in late adulthood. Board! Furthermore, as suggested by the Nature of Nurture Theory (Plomin Bergemen, 1991) it could be the case that our genes influence the way we interact and become involved in our environment, meaning that even the suggested small contribution of nurturing in what factor relation to intelligence is controlled by our genetics.

An example of this can be seen by the established heritability of the personality trait ‘openness to experience’ (Bouchard Loehlin, 2001), which correlates highly with intelligence (Chamorro-Premuzic Moutafi, Furnham, 2005) more so than any other trait. This could be due to conforming, the fact that people who score highly on this trait are more likely to interact with their learning environment (Ashton, Lee, Vernon, Jang, 2000) resulting in increased intelligence scores. However, a large majority of the evidence investigating environmental influence in relation to is the model, intelligence comes from adoption studies. Some researchers suggest that this sample is not representative of the general population due to the adoption situation itself (Baumrind, 1993), as adoptive parents tend to in greek mythology, be more affluent than the general population of parents (Morton, 1987). Additionally, although research tends to five model, belittle the influence of environment relating to intelligence, there is who was the first female prime minister one observation that cannot be explained by genetics. Is The! The so called ‘Flynn effect’ (Flynn, 2007) is an observed huge gain in IQ scores from generation to generation, shown by a continuous and positively linear correlation. These IQ gains suggest mass influence of the environment as genetics do not offer an explanation for this occurrence, and this in its self suggests that the technology makes, environment must exert influence on intelligence to some extent.

One explanation suggested to explain this phenomenon is improved nutrition (Lynn, 1998), as high vitamin ingestion as can be seen in is the factor the modern world, has been found to technology makes, link with higher intelligence scores (Benton Roberts, 1998). Upon summarisation of this evidence, it must be noted that there are disagreements surrounding how intelligence should be measured. ‘Intelligence’ is often measured by an Intelligence Quotient (IQ) which is a set of standardised tests which are designed to measure a person’s cognitive abilities. Although research has found that it has adequate statistical validity for numerous clinical purposes (Anastasi, Anne, Urbina, Susana, 1997), in is the five recent years the scale has been criticised. It has been pointed out that the brain is one of the most complex objects known, so using one standardised measurement to assess its ability cannot be correct or valid (Collins, 2012). The IQ test is accused of standards board, being racially bias (Fagan Holland, 2002) and not examining all aspects of what defines ‘intelligence’ (McClelland, 1973). This then suggests that although IQ is a well-established method of what five, measuring intelligence, its results may only be measuring a narrow concept of intelligence (Flynn, 2007). International Accounting Standards! In conclusion, it is clear that intelligence is highly heritable, as research suggests that above 50% of variance in IQ can be explained by genetics (Plomin, 1994), despite some studies possessing methodological flaws (Bouchard et al, 1990). Evidence suggests that genetic influence increases with age, which means that the environment may play more of a role in the development of intelligence in early years of life, with its influence slowly diminishing with time. As nature appears to influence nurture (Plomin Bergemen,1991) it appears that nature does trump nurture in is the factor model relation to intelligence as ultimately, when assessing adult intelligence, the environment seems to have little if no influence. It must be considered however that tests implied to measure intelligence may not be completely accurate, and may be bias towards certain cultures and societies (Fagan Holland, 2002). Anastasi, Anne; Urbina Susana (1997).

Psychological Testing (Seventh ed.). Upper Saddle River (NJ): Prentice Hall. pp. 326–327. Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., Vernon, P. A., Jang, K. L. The First Female Prime Minister! (2000). Fluid intelligence, crystallized intelligence, and the openness/intellect factor. Journal of Research in Personality, 34(2), 198-207. Baumrind, D. ( 1993). The average expectable environment is not good enough: A response to Scarr. Child Development, 64, 1299– 1317.

Benton, D., Roberts, G. (1988). Effect of vitamin and mineral supplementation on intelligence of what is the five model, a sample of schoolchildren. Female! The Lancet, 331(8578), 140-143. Bouchard Jr, T. J. What Five Factor! (1998). Genetic and environmental influences on adult intelligence and special mental abilities. Human biology, 257-279. Bouchard Jr, T. J., Loehlin, J. C. (2001). Genes, evolution, and personality.Behavior genetics, 31(3), 243-273.

Bouchard, T. J., Lykken, D. T., McGue, M., Segal, N. About Responsibility! L., Tellegen, A. (1990). Sources of human psychological differences: The Minnesota study of twins reared apart. Science, 250(4978), 223-228. Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Moutafi, J., Furnham, A. (2005). The relationship between personality traits, subjectively-assessed and fluid intelligence.Personality and Individual Differences, 38(7), 1517-1528. What Is The! Chipuer, H. M., Rovine, M. J., Plomin, R. (1990). LISREL modeling: Genetic and environmental influences on IQ revisited. Intelligence, 14(1), 11-29. Who Was The First Female! Collins, N. What! (December 19, 2012). School Girls Essay! IQ tests ‘do not reflect intelligence’. In The Telegraph.

Retrieved January 2, 2014, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/9755929/IQ-tests-do-not-reflect-intelligence.html. Fagan, J. F., Holland, C. R. (2002). Equal opportunity and racial differences in what is the factor IQ. Gods! Intelligence, 30(4), 361-387. What Model! Flynn, James R.. (2007). What Is Intelligence?. Cambridge University Press.

Retrieved 23 January 2014, from Haier, R. Girls! J., Jung, R. E., Yeo, R. What! A., Head, K., Alkire, M. Conforming To Society! T. What Is The! (2004). Structural brain variation and powerful gods mythology, general intelligence. NeuroImage, 23(1), 425-433. Hunt, E. (2007). P-FIT: A major contribution to theories of intelligence.Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30(02), 158-159. Jensen, A. R. ( 1997). The puzzle of non-genetic variance. In R. J.Sternberg E.Grigorenko ( Eds.), Intelligence, heredity, and environment (pp. 42– 88).

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University. Press. Jensen, A. R. (1998). The g factor: The science of mental ability. Westport, CT: Praeger. Kurp, D. (July 23, 2006). After the Bell Curve. In The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/23/magazine/23wwln_idealab.html?_r=1.

Lynn, R. (1998). In support of the nutrition theory. What Five Factor Model! In The rising curve: Long-term gains in IQ and related measures (ed. U. Essays About! Neisser). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association McClelland, D. Is The! C. (1973). Conforming! Testing for competence rather than for” intelligence.”.American psychologist, 28(1), 1. McDaniel, M. A. (2005). Big-brained people are smarter: A meta-analysis of the relationship between in vivo brain volume and intelligence. Intelligence, 33(4), 337-346. McGue, M., Bouchard, T. J., Jr., Iacono, W. G., Lykken, D. T. ( 1993).

Behavioral genetics of what is the five factor model, cognitive ability: A life-span perspective. In R.Plomin G. E.McClearn ( Eds.), Nature, nurture, and powerful gods in greek mythology, psychology (pp. Model! 59– 76). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Technology! Morton, N. E. ( 1987). Shared environment and cultural inheritance. Behavioral and what is the factor, Brain Sciences, 10, 33– 34.

Plomin R, Bergeman (1991) . The nature of nurture: Genetic influences on “environmental” measures. About Responsibility! Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 14:373–427. Plomin, R. ( 1994). Genetics and experience: The interplay between nature and what is the factor, nurture.

Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Plomin, R., Spinath, F. M. (2004). Intelligence: genetics, genes, and genomics. Journal of personality and High Essay, social psychology, 86(1), 112.4 Schmithorst, V. Is The Factor! J., Wilke, M., Dardzinski, B. J., Holland, S. K. (2005). Cognitive functions correlate with white matter architecture in a normal pediatric population: a diffusion tensor MRI study. Human brain mapping, 26(2), 139-147. Shields, J. ( 1962). Monozygotic twins brought up apart and about, brought up together. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Spearman, C.E. (1904). “‘General intelligence’, Objectively Determined And Measured”. American Journal of is the five, Psychology, 15, 201–293.

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